failure

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failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
References in periodicals archive ?
There was one previous case report in English literature of acute respiratory failure secondary to acute respiratory distress syndrome associated with acute presentation of pulmonary sarcoidosis.
It was a multi-centre randomised controlled trial conducted on 90 patients with acute respiratory failure comparing ECMO with conventional ventilation.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), the most severe form of acute respiratory failure, is estimated to affect more than 100,000 people in the United States annually and result in death in 40 to 60 percent of the cases.
Nutropin Depot should not be used in patients with active tumors or acute critical illness due to complications following open heart or abdominal surgery, multiple accidental trauma or patients having acute respiratory failure.
A broader search of the English language literature was performed to identify reports of patients who were ventilated for acute respiratory failure secondary to previously unrecognised motor neurone disease.
LiquiVent(R) is an intrapulmonary drug for use in treating patients with acute respiratory failure to reduce the morbidity associated with conventional mechanical ventilation.
Growth hormone also should not be initiated to treat patients with acute critical illness due to complications following open heart or abdominal surgery, multiple accidental trauma or to patients having acute respiratory failure.
Nasdaq: ALLP) today announced an agreement in principle for a worldwide license to develop and market LiquiVent (perflubron), a potential new drug in pivotal Phase II/III trials for treatment of acute respiratory failure.
NASDAQ:ALLP) Monday announced that it will receive $10 million under its license and supply agreements with Hoechst Marion Roussel for the worldwide development and commercialization of LiquiVent (perflubron), an intrapulmonary drug under development for treating patients with acute respiratory failure.
Nasdaq: ALLP) announced today that it has commenced a pivotal Phase II/III clinical (human) trial with pediatric patients for LiquiVent(R), an intrapulmonary agent for the treatment of acute respiratory failure.
LiquiVent, an intrapulmonary drug for use in treating patients with acute respiratory failure to reduce the morbidity associated with conventional mechanical ventilation, is in Phase III studies with pediatric patients, and has completed an adult Phase II trial.
ARDS is generally recognized as acute respiratory failure characterized by an increase in lung permeability, excessive neutrophil accumulation in the lungs, a major oxygenation defect, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates on chest x-rays and relatively normal cardiac function.

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