gastroenteritis

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gastroenteritis:

see enteritisenteritis
, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Acute enteritis is not usually serious except in infants and older people, in whom the accompanying diarrhea can cause dehydration through the loss of fluids.
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Gastroenteritis

 

an inflammatory disease of the stomach and small intestine.

In man, gastroenteritis develops as a result of food poisoning, bacterial infection, poor water, diseases (influenza, pneumonia, measles, sepsis), and poisoning by heavy metals, acids, alkalies, and mercury compounds. It occurs in acute and chronic forms. It is also frequently accompanied by affection of the large intestine (gastroenterocolitis). Medical treatment in acute gastroenteritis involves irrigation of the stomach by means of a probe or, alternatively, by an ordinary drink followed by induced vomiting. Hot-water bottles may be applied to the legs, and medicinal therapy is useful in regulating the secretory functions of the stomach and intestine. Treatment in chronic gastroenteritis may include long-term dietotherapy, strict observance of a diet, and medicinal therapy.

REFERENCE

Lorie, I. F. Bolezni kishechnika. Moscow, 1957.

I. S. SAVOSHCHENKO

In animals, gastroenteritis is observed in the form of catarrhal, croupous, diphtheritic, hemorrhagic, and phlegmonous inflammations. It is caused by spoiled feeds and acrid chemical and vegetable poisons, and, secondarily, by certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, pasteurellosis, paratyphoid, plague, and swine erysipelas. Gastroenteritis is manifested by severe depression, weakness, and the excretion of watery feces with an unpleasant odor, mucus, fibrin pellicles, and blood. Colic and elevated temperature are also possible. Medical treatment entails irrigation of the stomach, as well as internal medication, such as laxatives, astringents, disinfectant and bacteriostatic compounds, mucous decoctions, and cardiac agents. Prophylaxis aims at the maintenance of the zoohygienic requirements of animal nutrition.

N. M. PREOBRAZHENSKII

gastroenteritis

[¦ga·strō‚ent·ə′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach and intestine.

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and intestines
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Practice parameter: the management of acute gastroenteritis in young children.
Outbreak of acute gastroenteritis associated with Norwalk-like viruses among British military personnel--Afghanistan, May 2002.
On November 25, 2014, acute gastroenteritis developed in a 3-year-old child in Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.
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They said: "It is concluded there is little direct clinical data to answer our question but many scientific analyses demonstrating the inappropriateness of non-physiological liquids for the treatment of acute gastroenteritis in children compared with physiologically-based oral rehydration solutions.
Most previously-well infants with acute gastroenteritis can be managed after rehydration with continued use of breastmilk or standard dilutions of cow milk-based formulas--SPB formulas may be indicated when secondary lactose intolerance occurs
The girl, now 11, was initially treated for acute gastroenteritis with mild dehydration and discharged, but just a few days later she was airlifted to a specialist children's hospital in England with acute kidney failure after eating E.
A spokeswoman for parent company Carnival UK said passengers suffered from acute gastroenteritis.
A spokeswoman for parent company Carnival UK said passengers had suffered from acute gastroenteritis, with the illness strongly suspected to be the highly-contagious Norovirus.
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