Reinhardt, Ad

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Reinhardt, Ad

(Adolph Reinhardt), 1913–67, American painter, b. New York City. Both a painter and an art theorist, Reinhardt is best known for his black paintings, begun in 1960. Associated with minimalism (see modern artmodern art,
art created from the 19th cent. to the mid-20th cent. by artists who veered away from the traditional concepts and techniques of painting, sculpture, and other fine arts that had been practiced since the Renaissance (see Renaissance art and architecture).
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), the paintings appear all black and exhibit only slight variations in hue and the presence of form on close scrutiny. In rejecting the conventional attributes of painting, he attempted to abstract the pure and contemplative qualities he admired in Eastern art.

Reinhardt, (Adolph Dietrich Friedrich) Ad

(1913–67) painter, teacher; born in Buffalo, N.Y. He studied at Columbia University (1931–35, 1936–37), and at New York University (c. 1946–50). Based in New York, he was a member of the American Abstract Artists group (1937–47). He taught at Brooklyn College, New York (1947–67), and worked as an art critic, illustrator, and cartoonist for various periodicals. Influenced by oriental art, he traveled to Asia in 1958. He began as an abstract minimalist and colorist and remained so. In the 1940s he painted bright abstractions, went on to his red and black period, as seen in Red Painting (1952), and from 1952 he concentrated on his "black" paintings, which combine subtle color tonalities.
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For in this creative investigation of light there is a palpable echo of Eastern religion and the unspeakable nature of Zen experience -currents which she had encountered as a student at Columbia and which were also embraced by the Trappist mystic, Thomas Merton, whose writings she would have reencountered through her friend, Ad Reinhardt.
In 1967, several conditions--the death of her friend Ad Reinhardt, the loss of her Manhattan studio to developers, the end of a relationship, receiving a grant--compelled her to leave Manhattan and, eventually, settle for reclusion in New Mexico.
American artist Ad Reinhardt (1913-1967) once said, 'Sculpture is what you bump into when you back up to look at a painting'.
Among the 190 beautifully reproduced images are works by Joseph Albers, Milton Avery, Alexander Calder, Helen Frankenthaler, John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Robert Motherwell, Claes Oldenburg, Ad Reinhardt, Saul Steinberg, and E.
Also included in this section is Ad Reinhardt, who developed visual vocabularies that used rectilinear shapes to meld intellectual idea with emotional content, and artworks by like-minded artists Ilya Bolotowsky and sculptor Louise Nevelson, who transformed discarded crates into her architectonic assemblages.
According to Ad Reinhardt Ad Reinhardt's black paintings were the
Merritt acknowledges the importance of her training and studies with instructors at Brooklyn College in New York, including Ad Reinhardt, Mark Rothko and Jimmy Ernst, and she says her style continues to emerge, with continual experimentation in mixed media techniques.
Ad Reinhardt once said, "The one thing to say about art is that it is one thing.
Others on the Jester staff were Edward Rice, founder of Jubilee magazine, to which all three men contributed in the 1950s and '60s, and Ad Reinhardt, the painter.
Strickland's chapters on the visual artists center on Robert Rauschenberg, Ad Reinhardt, Barnett Newman, Ellsworth Kelly, and Frank Stella, highlighting the important works and techniques associated with each, but overwhelming the reader with details.
Calvin Klein, in his fall preview report, heralds the upcoming season as a ``return to dark, rich colors that flow together almost imperceptibly in the manner of American abstract expressionists Mark Rothko and Ad Reinhardt.
With her extraordinary flair for recognizing talent she launched the careers of Mark Rothko, Robert Motherwell, Ad Reinhardt, Adolph Gottlieb, Clifford Still and determinedly set about establishing Jackson Pollock as the greatest American painter.