Adam Elsheimer


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Elsheimer, Adam

 

Born Mar. 18, 1578, in Frankfurt; died Dec. 11, 1610, in Rome. German painter.

Elsheimer studied under F. Uffenbach in Frankfurt. He worked in Venice from 1598 to 1600 and in Rome from 1600. Most of his paintings are small-scale works, mainly on copper, in a painstaking style reminiscent of the miniature. He produced religious and mythological scenes, usually in simple, domestic settings, such as Jupiter and Mercury in the Home of Philemon and Baucis (Dresden Picture Gallery). In his landscapes he combined his poetic and intimate perception of nature with precise three-dimensional composition, for example, Landscape With Round Temple (National Gallery, Prague). Especially characteristic of Elsheimer’s works were his night scenes, noted for their exceptional soft chiaroscuro transitions. They include Flight Into Egypt (1609, Old Pinakothek, Munich). Elsheimer had a significant influence on such masters as Claude Lorraine, Rembrandt, and Rubens.

REFERENCE

Weizsäcker, H. Adam Elsheimer, der Maler von Frankfurt, vols. 1 (books 1–2) and 2. Berlin, 1936–52.
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Caption:--Newscom/akg-images: "The Three Marys at the Tomb of Christ" by German artist Adam Elsheimer, circa 1603
The great German painter in Rome, Adam Elsheimer, breathed new life into this tradition with two beautiful and much-imitated compositions, set in lush forests.
He also namechecks the aforementioned Bohemian Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-77), the German 18th-century etcher Carl Wilhelm Kolbe (1759-1835) and 'anything after Adam Elsheimer [1578-1610]'.
The sumptuous production of Adam Elsheimer (with its 37 colour-plates, all meticulously reproduced, and its 163 additional illustrations, mostly in colour) is a deserved tribute to its creator, Rudiger Klessmann, former Director of the Braunschweig Kunstmuseum.
Adam Elsheimer (1578-1610) "is one of the unsung heroes in the history of Western European art," notes the foreword to this exhibition catalogue, although he is sometimes credited with being an influence on Rembrandt and Peter Paul Rubens.
The second juxtaposes secular and sacred forms in its approach to courtly nighttime entertainments in the reign of France's Charles IX; to the painterly arts of Antoine Caron, Georges de La Tour, and Adam Elsheimer which depict crepuscular realism; and to collections of popular tales deigned to be read at evening firesides, such as Guillaume Bouchet's Serees and Estienne Tabourot's Les escraignes dijonnaises.
ONLY once in four centuries have almost all the paintings of Adam Elsheimer (1578?
The numerous verifiable details which Sandrart supplies attest to his accuracy and, according to Sandrart, Adam Elsheimer was born four years before his baptism in 1674.
Adam Elsheimer is one of the least known of the great European painters.