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Adelaide, empress consort of Holy Roman Emperor Otto I


(ăd`əlād) or


(ä`dĕlhīt), c.931–999, empress consort of Holy Roman Emperor Otto I, daughter of King Rudolf II of Arles. After the death (950) of her first husband, King Lothair of Italy, she was about to be forced into a marriage with the son of Berengar IIBerengar II
, d. 966, marquis of Ivrea. In 950 he made himself and his son joint kings of Italy, but his great unpopularity and his attempt to force Adelaide, his predecessor's widow, to marry his son, brought the intervention (951) of Otto I of Germany.
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, Lothair's successor. She appealed to Otto IOtto I
or Otto the Great,
912–73, Holy Roman emperor (962–73) and German king (936–73), son and successor of Henry I of Germany. He is often regarded as the founder of the Holy Roman Empire.
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, who rescued and married her in 951. After living in Lombardy (985–991), she returned to Germany to serve as sole regent for her grandson, Otto IIIOtto III,
980–1002, Holy Roman emperor (996–1002) and German king (983–1002), son of Holy Roman Emperor Otto II and the Byzantine princess Theophano. On Otto's accession Henry the Wrangler, the deposed duke of Bavaria, attempted to become his guardian and then
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, from 991 to 994. She was also known as a great benefactor of religious houses.

Adelaide, city, Australia


city (1991 pop. 957,480), capital and chief port of South Australia, S Australia, at the mouth of the Torrens River on Gulf St. Vincent. It has automotive, textile, and other industries. Grains, wool, dairy products, wine, and fruit are exported. In the face of declining manufacturing, service industries have become more important.

Named for the consort of William IV, it was founded in 1836 and is the oldest city in the state. It was the first city in Australia to be incorporated (1840) and developed according to the original city plan of Colonel William Light. The Univ. of Adelaide (1874) and the multicampus South Australian College of Advanced Education (1982) are among the institutions of higher education located in the city and its suburbs. There ais also a botanic garden, and art, history, natural history, and other museums. The Adelaide Festival of the Arts has been held biennially since 1960.


the capital of South Australia: Port Adelaide, 11 km (7 miles) away on St. Vincent Gulf, handles the bulk of exports. Pop.: 1 002 127 (2001)