Johann Christoph Adelung

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Adelung, Johann Christoph


Born Aug. 8, 1732, in Halle; died Sept. 10, 1806. German philologist.

With J. S. Vater, Adelung published the work entitled Mithridates, or Universal Philology Exemplified by the Lord’s Prayer in Nearly 500 Languages and Dialects, a type of linguistic encyclopedia of the beginning of the 19th century. In Mithridates the languages are basically classified according to their geographical and not according to their genealogical features and random characteristics. Adelung is the author of a German-language dictionary that was highly authoritative in 18th-century Germany. His works reflect the striving of the philologists of the 18th century for a comprehensive treatment of the material and were an important stage in the formation of the comparative historical method and theoretical linguistics.


Mithridates oder allgemeine Sprachenkunde mit dem “Vater Unser” als Sprachprobe in beinahe fünfhundert Sprachen und Mundarten, vols. 1–4. Berlin, 1806–17.
Versuch eines vollständigen grammatisch-kritischen Wörterbuches der hochdeutschen Mundart, 2nd ed., vols. 1–4. Leipzig, 1793–1801.


References in periodicals archive ?
They are just like fettucine," compares Professor Rainer Adelung, Chairperson of the Functional Nanomaterials group.
It's fascinating," says materials scientist Rainer Adelung of Kiel University in Germany.
Many joining methods involve chemical reactions, which may change the polymers' properties and can cause injurious or even toxic effects on organisms," explains Rainer Adelung, PhD, from Kiel University in Germany.
It is interesting to mention that Jannau, following great linguists Lord Monboddo, Herder, and Adelung, compares Livonian with the Basque, Zend (the language of Avesta), Huron, Algonquian, Caribbean, and Eskimo (1828 : 164-165).
The Germans Johann Christoph Adelung (1732-1806) and Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767-1835) made similar arguments, as Bushnell noted in God in Christ, 16.
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Women, too: Gall justly includes in his list the daughter of Adelung of Brunswick, who inherited her father's gift for languages, and presumably his large, pouchy eyes.
1399-1414) leads the readers up to Adelung, Vater, and Monboddo, which is continued by Rousseau into the 19th century, focusing on the Schlegel brothers and W.
Chaired by Ed von Adelung of Interphase, the PlugFest activity affirms the Fibre Channel community's recognition that the fate of all vendors is tied to proven interoperability of SAN products.
Adelung, Sein und Werden, Vom Buchdrucker in Bremen zum Staatsprasidenten in Hessen (Offenbach, 1952), 26-27.
HCL's significant contribution to the SNIA-CTP program since the beginning of the 2003 initiative and the company's support at all critical milestones have been instrumental in faster adoption of the SMI-S Standard," said Ed von Adelung, Chair, Interoperability Committee, SNIA.
It is able to be compressed up to 95 percent and be pulled back to its original form without any damage, says professor Rainer Adelung of Kiel University.