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from 1839 until 1967 a colonial possession of England. It consisted of the Crown Colony of Aden, which included the city of Aden, the islands of Perim and Kuria Muria, the East and West Aden protectorates, and the island of Kamaran. English colonial rule in Aden began with the seizure of the city of Aden in 1839; English control over the entire territory of Aden was established completely by the 1930’s. Aden was administered by the English government in India until April 1937, when it became a Crown Colony of Great Britain. With the aim of strengthening their rule during the violent uprising of the Aden peoples’ war of liberation, the English imperialists created the Federation of South Arabia in early 1959 on part of Aden’s territory. On Nov. 30, 1967, as a result of the victory of the national revolution, the People’s Republic of Southern Yemen was created on the territory of Aden. On Nov. 30, 1970, it became the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen.
REFERENCEVal’kova, L. V. Angliiskaia kolonial’naia politika ν Adene i adenskikh protektoratakh. Moscow, 1968.
L. N. KOTLOV [1–639–2; updated]