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Adjuncts are parts of a sentence that are used to elaborate on or modify other words or phrases in a sentence. Along with complements, subjects, verbs, and objects, adjuncts are one of the five main components of the structure of clauses. A distinguishing feature of adjuncts is that their removal from sentences does not alter the grammatical integrity and correctness of the sentence. In other words, adjuncts expand on the word or phrase that they are modifying, but their presence in sentences is not needed for the sentence to stand alone. Nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can all be adjuncts.
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(1) In a number of West European countries and in prerevolutionary Russia (at the Academy of Sciences, some institutions of higher learning, and also at the universities before the introduction of the Statute of 1863), a person doing his qualifying scientific apprenticeship; an assistant to an official, department head, professor, or academician; or a graduate assistant.

(2) In the USSR, a military officer who is preparing for a research or teaching position at a higher military educational institution or an armed forces research institute.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the 2015 Cengage Learning Engagement Insights Survey, adjuncts said online tools and resources were the top resources that would help them conduct their classes more effectively.
While the issue of reliance on low-paid adjuncts to deliver increasingly expensive college-level instruction has made national news, the Arkansas Department of Higher Education doesn't keep statistics on how many adjuncts each school employs or how much they are paid.
But adjuncts do not necessarily want to be involved in additional requirements that are not related to teaching.
They don't know adjuncts have no say in coordination of meetings, or how difficult it is for them to hold office hours, as they are not paid for them.
Fittingly, it is the Service Employees International Union, whose ranks include janitors, maids, fast-food workers and others at the payroll bottom, that is currently attempting to organize adjuncts into a collective power to gain economic equity.
Higher education institutions can search for all types of adjuncts by region, field or discipline, degree, degree-granting institution, availability, certifications, salary requirements and pedagogy.
The Adjunct Faculty Association of the United Steelworkers (USW) is delighted by the unanimous decision of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to deny Duquesne University s appeal opposing the adjunct faculty s right to organize a union.
However, recently learned the most starling fact I've ever taken away in my six years of college; the unethical treatment of adjunct professors.
Some adjuncts teach according to a semester-by-semester contract; some have their primary employment responsibilities tied to another employer; and some string multiple adjunct or temporary positions together to provide full-time teaching employment (Louziotis, 2000; Peters & Boylston, 2006).
Creating a positive experience for adjunct faculty from the start by providing the tools and the support necessary for instructional effectiveness, and by welcoming them to best practice sharing communities, play a key role in familiarizing adjuncts with institutional initiatives.
Among them are possessive absolutes in English and their Norwegian correspondences, open verb-headed adjuncts in New Testament Greek and the Latin of the Vulgate, the meaning of Russian converbs, and German wobei-clauses in translation.