adjuvant

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adjuvant

[′aj·ə·vənt]
(pharmacology)
A material that enhances the action of a drug or antigen.
References in periodicals archive ?
Worldwide, the market for vaccine adjuvants is forecast to amount to the USD 769.
Examples of adjuvants used with variety of vaccines include Montanide incomplete Seppic adjuvant (ISA) series, ISA 70 VG (ISA 70) and ISA 71 VG (ISA 71), and Quil A, cholesterol, dimethyl dioctadecyl ammonium bromide, and Carbopol (QCDC) adjuvant complex, whereby the former is a water-in-oil emulsion and the latter is composed of Quil A, cholesterol, dimethyl dioctadecyl ammonium bromide (DDA), and Carbopol (Aucouturier et al.
The vaccine adjuvants market is expected to reach USD 769.
Surfactants are the most widely used and probably the most important of all adjuvants.
Commenting on the report, an analyst from Technavio's team said: "The advent of multifunctional adjuvants is a key trend observed in this market.
The applied adjuvants influenced spray deposit area, but differences were no more than 6 - 12%.
The product was developed to avoid problems regarding freeze-drying vaccines that contain aluminium adjuvants, at the same time engineering them to resist high temperatures.
The Oxford University team, along with Swedish and US colleagues, have shown that a type of polymer called polyethyleneimine (PEI) is a potent adjuvant for test vaccines against HIV, flu and herpes when given in mice.
This study evaluated the efficacy of fungicidal control of Asian rust and deposition of fungicide applied on soybean as affected by different adjuvants and types of spray nozzles.
Among the topics are the preclinical development of ASO4, adjuvant activity on human cells in vitro, tracking dendritic cells in vivo, functional antibody assay, quantitative multi-parameter assays to measure the effect of adjuvants on human antigen-specific CD8 T-cell responses, determining the activity of mucosal adjuvants, and the adjuvant activity of cytokines.