Erich Raeder

(redirected from Admiral Raeder)

Raeder, Erich

 

Born Apr. 24, 1876, in Wandsbek, near Hamburg; died Nov. 6, 1960, in Kiel. Naval officer in fascist Germany, admiral of the fleet (1939).

Raeder joined the navy in 1894. During World War I he took command of a cruiser in 1917. He was chief of the naval staff from 1928 and commander in chief of the navy from 1935 to 1943. Raeder advocated the creation of a powerful navy and the conduct of unlimited submarine warfare. He urged that Great Britain be totally defeated before beginning the aggression against the USSR. Raeder retired in 1943. In 1946 he was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Nuremberg International Tribunal. He was released in 1955.

WORKS

Der Kreuzerkrieg in den ausländischen Gewässern, vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1922–27.
Mein Leben, vols. 1–2. Tübingen, 1956–57.
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The falling-out between Grand Admiral Raeder and Vice Admiral Wegener appears instead to have been ideologically based and directly related to Wegener's professional writing.
It is claimed that there was in that service an "almost slavish devotion" to the Mahanian doctrine, to which Admiral Raeder did not need to refer, as it had been accepted "as an article of faith" by the German naval officer corps; (25) "Mahan was the Bible for the German Navy.
90) Admiral Raeder had achieved the aim of dispersing enemy escort forces, creating opportunities for other raider sorties, and disrupting the British war economy--at least this once.
Indeed, only a few postwar scholars have entered the debate with an alternative view to the standard Weltmachtflotte argument, arguing that Admiral Raeder was correct to advocate a balanced fleet and not to concentrate solely on U-boats, as Admiral Donitz wished, or on a fleet optimized for cruiser warfare.
However, Rhys-Jones all but ignores America's involvement and fails to include much of the German materials that detail the political factors driving Admiral Raeder and explain the naval staff's objections to executing Operation RHINE in May 1941.
The Loss of the Bismarck contends that Admiral Raeder was a man totally wedded to the idea of major surface combatants operating as "raiders," attacking an enemy's ocean commerce.
From that point, Rhys-Jones depicts the operational picture available to the respective commanders, from Britain's Commander in Chief Home Fleet, Admiral John Tovey, and Admiral Raeder down their chains of command to the commanders at the scene.
For example, at the Nuremberg trials Admiral Raeder was tried and condemned for the invasion of Norway.
Admiral Raeder stated it was of "decisive importance".