Adobe

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adobe

(ədō`bē): see rammed earthrammed earth,
material consisting chiefly of soil of sufficiently stiff consistency that has been placed in forms and pounded down. It has been used for buildings and walls since ancient times and was employed in some of the most ancient fortifications in the Middle East.
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Adobe

Large, roughly molded, sun-dried clay units of varying sizes.

Adobe

 

an unfired brick made of clay mixed with cut straw or other fibrous materials, such as tow or chaff. One of the most ancient building materials, adobe was widely used in unforested areas; for example, it was used in building the dwellings of Merimde-Benisalame in the Nile Delta in the fifth and fourth millennia B.C. and the defensive wall of Troy II on the coast of Asia Minor in the middle of the third millennium B.C. Adobe is currently used primarily in Asian countries in the construction of low structures.

adobe

[ə′dō·bē]
(geology)
Heavy-textured clay soil found in the southwestern United States and in Mexico.

adobe

A heavy soil, composed largely of clay and silt in sufficient quantities to form a matrix in which sand particles are firmly imbedded; water is added, and straw, manure, and fragments of tile are sometimes combined with this mixture to provide increased mechanical strength and cohesion when it dries. It can be used as a plaster or be formed into bricks, often shaped by hand in a wooden form, then sun-dried; widely used in Spanish Colonial architecture and its derivatives. Adobe brick walls are often lime-plastered to improve resistance to weather; a coating such as slaked lime acts as a stabilizing agent.

Adobe

(Adobe Systems, Inc., San Jose, CA, www.adobe.com) The leading multimedia software company. Adobe products are used primarily by professional designers and editors. Founded in 1982 by Dr. John Warnock, Adobe helped pioneer the desktop publishing industry with its PostScript fonts. Initially developed for the Mac, PostScript became the standard among graphics and printing service bureaus. Adobe enhanced its offerings with the 1995 acquisitions of PageMaker and FrameMaker desktop publishing programs.

Adobe's PhotoShop is the most widely recognized image editing program worldwide, and its Illustrator drawing program is another venerable application. In 2005, Adobe acquired Macromedia, adding Web-based authoring and multimedia tools to the product line (see Macromedia). See Adobe Creative Suite and Adobe Creative Cloud.