Adolf Eichmann


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Adolf Eichmann: Joseph Goebbels, Heinrich Himmler

Eichmann, Adolf

(īkh`män), 1906–62, German National Socialist official. A member of the Austrian Nazi party, he headed the Austrian office for Jewish emigration (1938). His zeal in deporting Jews brought him promotion (1939) to chief of the Gestapo's Jewish section. Eichmann promoted the use of gas chambers for the mass extermination of Jews in concentration camps, and he oversaw the maltreatment, deportation, and murder of millions of Jews in World War II. Arrested by the Allies in 1945, he escaped and settled in Argentina. He was located by Israeli agents in 1960 and abducted to Israel, where he was tried (1961) and hanged for crimes against the Jewish people and against humanity.

Bibliography

See biography by D. Cesarani, Becoming Eichmann (2006); H. Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem (1963, rev. ed. 2006); J. Donovan, Eichmann: Mastermind of the Holocaust (1978); P. Rassinier, The Real Eichmann Trial (1980); D. E. Lipstadt, The Eichmann Trial (2011); B. Stangneth, Eichmann before Jerusalem: The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer (2014).

Eichmann, Adolf

 

Born Mar. 19, 1906 in Solingen in the Rhineland; died June 1,1962, in Ramleh, Israel. Fascist German war criminal.

Eichmann joined the security service of the SS (Schutzstaffel) in 1934 and subsequently headed the subsection on Jewish affairs. In World War II he helped to draft and implement plans for the physical extermination of the Jewish population in Europe, and he was directly in charge of the shipment of Jews to concentration camps. After the defeat of fascist Germany, Eichmann fled to Argentina. In 1960 he was seized by agents of the Israeli intelligence service. Eichmann was sentenced to death after being tried by a court in Jerusalem and was executed in the prison in the city of Ramleh.

References in periodicals archive ?
Adolf Eichmann is convicted of war crimes in Israel.
ROBERT DUVALL gives a solid performance in this made-for-TV version of the events that led up to the capture of one of the world's most notorious war criminals, Adolf Eichmann.
Adolf Eichmann, the "Butcher of Lyons" Klaus Barbie, Maurice Papon - and now the name of Anthony Sawoniuk can be added to the Nazis on the war crimes roll of dishonour.
Duvall met the instructor in Buenos Aires while filming a TV movie on the capture of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann.
In 1960, five Mossad agents hunted down ex-Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann in Argentina and smuggled him back to Israel where he was tried and executed.
1962: Former SS officer and transport manager of the Holocaust, Adolf Eichmann.
IN the recent drama Conspiracy, Adolf Eichmann was portrayed as the quietly efficient organiser of the transport that took six million European Jews to their death.
The Mossad, famed for chilling efficiency since its 1960 kidnapping of top Nazi Adolf Eichmann, has seen its reputation plunge since September, when its attempt to kill a leader of the Palestinian organisation Hamas, Khaled Meshal, went wrong.
HOLOCAUST mastermind Adolf Eichmann begged to be allowed to come out of hiding in Argentina and go home.
Secret History delves into the murky waters of Fascist-controlled Europe to discover how Kastner risked his own life to negotiate with Adolf Eichmann.
One of their most spectacular operations was the abduction of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in the 1960s.