Rabinovich, Adol’f Iosifovich
Born Mar. 24 (Apr. 5), 1893, in Odessa; died Sept. 19, 1942, in Kazan. Soviet physical chemist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1933).
Rabinovich graduated from Novorossiia University in Odessa in 1915. In 1923 he began working at the L. Ia. Karpov Chemistry Institute (later, Physical Chemistry Institute), and in 1930, maintaining his position at the institute, he became a professor at Moscow State University. His main works are devoted to the problems of colloid chemistry and photochemistry. In particular, Rabinovich established the relation between ion adsorption and the stability of colloidal systems. Rabinovich proposed the adsorption theory of photographic development and explained the effect of adsorption on the absorption spectra and the sensitizing action of dyes.