Adolf Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe
Kolbe, Adolf Wilhelm Hermann
Born Sept. 27, 1818, in Elliehausen; died Nov. 25, 1884, in Leipzig. German chemist.
Kolbe was a professor at the University of Marburg from 1851 and at Leipzig University from 1865. In 1845 he synthesized acetic acid, starting from carbon disulfide, chlorine, and water. Together with the British chemist E. Frankland, he proposed a method for obtaining organic acids through nitriles from compounds with a lower carbon content. In 1849, Kolbe obtained hydrocarbons by electrolysis of solutions of the salts of carboxylic acids (Kolbe reaction). In 1860 he synthesized salicylic acid from phenol and carbon dioxide (Kolbe-Schmitt reaction).