Isaac Adolphe Crémieux

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Crémieux, Isaac Adolphe


Born Apr. 30, 1796, in Nimes; died Feb. 10, 1880, in Paris. French politician.

Crémieux was a lawyer who rose to prominence because of his role in the political trials of the 1830’s and 1840’s. He belonged to the moderately liberal “dynastic opposition,” which called for wider participation of the industrial bourgeoisie in the state administration. He helped bring down the government of F. P. G. Guizot and raise O. Barrot to the post of premier. After the February Revolution of 1848, Crémieux was a member of the provisional government as minister of justice and helped abolish black slavery in the French colonies. Between 1848 and 1851, Crémieux was a member of the Constituent Assembly and later of the Legislative Assembly.

After Louis Bonaparte’s coup d’etat on Dec. 2, 1851, Crémieux left active political life to return to his legal practice. In 1869 he was elected to the legislature. After the Revolution of Sept. 4, 1870, he became minister of justice in the Government of National Defense. Crémieux supported L. M. Gambetta and urged the continuation of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71. From 1871 to 1875 he served as deputy in the National Assembly, where he belonged to the bloc of leftist Republicans. Crémieux was elected senator for life in 1875.


Posener, S. Adolphe Crémieux (1796–1880), 2 vols. Paris, 1933–34.
References in periodicals archive ?
The act was called after its leading advocate, Adolphe Cremieux, a prominent French lawyer, a major figure in the French-Jewish community, and the Minister of Justice in the French government of the time.
Determined to curb exclusive and chauvinistic nationalism and antisemitism, Western Jewish leaders, especially Adolphe Cremieux and Gerson Bleiehroder, launched a concerted effort to persuade their respective governments to recognize the independence of these new Balkan states only on condition that they grant Jewish emancipation.
The bronze statuette of the Greek orator Demosthenes, standing on the mantle beside the imposing figure of Isaac Adolphe Cremieux, is apt in view of Cremieux's passionate involvement in such political issues of his day as the separation of church and state, free compulsory public education, and general amnesty for those involved in the Paris Commune.