Adstratum


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Adstratum

 

a variety of bilingualism resulting from the prolonged existence of two languages in the same territory. An adstratum arises from the effect which the language of the newcomers has on that of the native population; the former is at first preserved in the capacity of a neighbor language. Linguistic changes associated with adstratum transcend the mere borrowing of individual words and concern the very structure of the language (phonetic, grammatical, lexical). As a result of adstratum, linguistic signs common to genetically unrelated languages may appear.

V. V. RASKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The authors also suggest a substratum or adstratum source for the augmented forms in south Italy, citing Messapic and Greek as the possible source languages.
the plural genitive forms of the personal pronouns mede and tede and several words for natural objects, (2) the similarities which are the result of language contacts and adstratum phenomena--most common traits belong to this group, and (3) the phonological and morphosyntactic features that raise the question about the Livonian substratum in southern Parnumaa dialects, e.
Latin as the source or adstratum of Western European languages is summarized, with a strong concentration on lexis, by Schmitt (pp.