Tongeren

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Tongeren

(tông`ərən), Fr. Tongres, commune (1991 pop. 29,451), Limburg prov., E Belgium. It is the trade center of the productive Hesbaye farm region. As a center of GaulGaul
, Lat. Gallia, ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees. The name was extended by the Romans to include Italy from Lucca and Rimini northwards, excluding Liguria.
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, it was a major Roman stronghold, flourishing in the reign of TiberiusTiberius
(Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus) , 42 B.C.–A.D. 37, second Roman emperor (A.D. 14–A.D. 37). He was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla and was originally named Tiberius Claudius Nero. He campaigned (20 B.C.) in Armenia, became (19 B.C.
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 (A.D. 14–37). The town was destroyed (4th cent.) by the Salian Franks and again (881) by the Norsemen. Of note are the Church of Notre Dame (9th–15th cent.), with Romanesque cloisters, as well as the town's Roman walls and its many houses dating from the 16th and 17th cent.
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Principal battles: Cicero's Camp, Aduatuca (east of the Maas, near Liege) (53).
54); successfully defended his camp against attacks by the Eubrones under Ambiorix until Caesar marched to his relief (January 53); repulsed an attack by Sugambri cavalry near Aduatuca (July?