Advani, Lal Krishna

Advani, Lal Krishna,

1927–, Indian political leader, b. Karachi, British India (now in Pakistan). A lawyer and a member of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata partyBharatiya Janata party
[Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to
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 (BJP), he was BJP president (1986–90, 1992–98, 2004–5) and served as home affairs minister (1998–2004) and deputy prime minister (2000–2004) under Atal Behari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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. After the party's defeat by the Congress party in 2004, he became opposition leader. Advani was the BJP's candidate for prime minister in 2009, but the BJP lost to a Congress-led coalition; later that year Sushma Swaraj succeeded him as opposition leader. Known as a hardliner, Advani began a campaign in 1990 to build a Hindu temple on the site of a 16th-century mosque in AyodhyaAyodhya
or Ajodhya
, former town, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with Faizabad. Ayodhya was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala (7th cent. B.C.).
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, which led (1992) to the mosque's destruction by Hindu militants and to riots that killed more than a thousand.