adverb

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adverb

An adverb refers to any element in a sentence used to modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, or even an entire clause.
Adverbs can be single words, phrases (called adverbial phrases), or entire clauses (called adverbial clauses).
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adverb:

see part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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; adjectiveadjective,
English part of speech, one of the two that refer typically to attributes and together are called modifiers. The other kind of modifier is the adverb. Adjectives and adverbs are functionally distinct in that adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, while adverbs
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Adverb

 

a part of speech; a class of autonomous words that are uninflected or inflected only for degrees of comparison and are contrasted in this way to other autonomous words. As a rule, adverbs modify an action or quality and are subordinate to a verb or adjective.

In Russian, the adverbial modifier may coincide with case forms (with or without a preposition) of the noun (for example, On primchalsia begom/streloi, “He came running on the double/like an arrow”), to which it is often also genetically related (Russian peshkom, “on foot”; vverkh, “up, upward”; voochiiu, “with one’s own eyes”). Predicative adverbs function as the principal member of a sentence in which a subject and predicate are not expressed separately (stydno, “it is a shame”; nuzhno, “it is necessary”). In a number of languages (for example, Nenets), there is a transitional class of words with an incomplete declension (often called adverbs) between the noun and the adverb (for example, Nenets haqga, “whither,” “where to,” and hangad, “whence,” “wherefrom”).

Adverbs are classed according to whether they modify verbs (Russian, priglagol’nye narechiid) or adjectives (priad”ektivnye narechiia), and according to meaning, as adverbs of place, time, cause, and degree. Depending on the method of formation, adverbs may be grammatical, which are formed regularly (Russian adverbs in -o, -ski; English adverbs in -ly), and nongrammatical, which are morphologically irregular, or nonanalyzable (Russian ochen’, “very”; English “well”).

V. M. ZHIVOV

References in periodicals archive ?
This work brings a contribution to the cartographic endeavor, in the sense that it seeks to show, based on the syntactic distribution of a class of focusing adverbs--the exclusive AdvPs so 'only' and exclusivamente 'exclusively' in Brazilian Portuguese--that such adverbiais not only are rigidly ordered with respect to other adverbs of the Cinque hierarchy but are also ordered among themselves.
The conclusion is that so'only' also occupies a position among higher adverbs.
However, problems arise when adjectives and adverbs have unexpected forms or are used in place of one another.
While most adverbs end in -ly, some do not, such as fast, hard, late, and straight.
In examining the deployment of the adverbs in the data, I follow Simon-Vandenbergen and Aijmer's (2007) treatment of modal adverbs of certainty.
Conjunctive adverbs can be distinguished from 2 other kinds of adverb: adjuncts and disjuncts.
with or without categorial relativism, adjectives and adverbs as one or as two categories) is not a central issue and the domain of the paper presented above as categorial space could be replaced by change of word-class or change of syntactic category between two (sub-)classes.
adverbs derived from adjectives by means of -e: bealde 'boldly'
Share out the adverb cards: quietly, cautiously, noisily etc.
According to Reuters, Handler's agent said the film rights to Adverbs had been sold to GreeneStreet Films, an independent film company based in New York.
Besides, this article provides some useful rules on how to help teachers and students to deal with adverbs more effectively in their English classes.
Considering the syntactic aspects first, Mackenzie (2001: 127) has pointed out that the category Adverb must be identified within the English lexicon because there are at least two classes of adverbs that can be used predicatively, namely place and time adverbs.