Aegina


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Aegina

(ējī`nə), in Greek mythology, river nymph, daughter of the river god Asopus. She was abducted by Zeus to the island Oenone, where she bore him a son, AeacusAeacus
, in Greek mythology, son of Zeus and the nymph Aegina. He was the father of Peleus and Telamon. After a plague had nearly wiped out the inhabitants of his land, Zeus rewarded the pious Aeacus by changing a swarm of ants to men (known as Myrmidons).
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. Aeacus later renamed the island in her honor.

Aegina

or

Aíyina

(ā`yēnä), island (1991 pop. 12,430), 32 sq mi (83 sq km), off SE Greece, in the Saronic Gulf (or Gulf of Aegina), near Athens. Sponge fishing and farming (figs, almonds, grapes, olives, and pistachios) are the most important occupations. Tourism is also important. The chief town is Aegina on the northwest shore. Points of interest include the temple of Aphaia, where the Aeginetan Marbles (see AeginaAegina,
c.500–480 B.C., marble sculptures from the temple of Aphaia discovered in 1811 and erroneously restored by Thorvaldsen. They originally decorated the pediments of the temple and represent scenes from the Trojan War. They are now in the Glyptothek at Munich.
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, marble sculptures) were discovered in 1811.

The island, inhabited from late Neolithic times, was named for the mythological figure AeginaAegina
, in Greek mythology, river nymph, daughter of the river god Asopus. She was abducted by Zeus to the island Oenone, where she bore him a son, Aeacus. Aeacus later renamed the island in her honor.
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. Its culture was influenced by Minoan Crete. Conquered by Dorian Greeks, it grew rapidly as a commercial state and struck the first Greek coins. In 431 B.C. the Athenians, against whom Aegina sided in the Peloponnesian WarPeloponnesian War
, 431–404 B.C., decisive struggle in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta. It ruined Athens, at least for a time. The rivalry between Athens' maritime domain and Sparta's land empire was of long standing. Athens under Pericles (from 445 B.C.
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, expelled the population of the island, and Aegina fell into insignificance. In the 12th cent. it served as a haven for pirates, and the Venetians, in suppressing the outlaws, conquered the island. Albanians settled there in the 16th cent. During the Greek War of Independence the town of Aegina was (1828–29) the capital of Greece.


Aegina,

c.500–480 B.C., marble sculptures from the temple of Aphaia discovered in 1811 and erroneously restored by ThorvaldsenThorvaldsen or Thorwaldsen, Albert Bertel
, 1770–1844, Danish sculptor, b. Copenhagen. In 1797 he went to Rome, where he shared with Canova the leadership of the neoclassicists.
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. They originally decorated the pediments of the temple and represent scenes from the Trojan War. They are now in the Glyptothek at Munich.

Aegina

1. an island in the Aegean Sea, in the Saronic Gulf. Area: 85 sq. km (33 sq. miles)
2. a town on the coast of this island: a city-state of ancient Greece
3. Gulf of. another name for the Saronic Gulf
References in periodicals archive ?
However, this information contradicts the findings from Aegina (10).
Paul to the Present was published in 1999 by Aegina Press, Huntington, WV.
Translations of the Parian Marble, in addition to the writings of Pausanias, Herodotus and others, record the first mint created by King Pheidon at Aegina that struck silver coins.
Paul of Aegina (7th century), 'last of the Greek eclectics and compilers (1), wrote an excellent overview of surgical treatment of the eye (1)--by which time the era of Graeco-Roman antiquity was over, and Europe had collapsed into the Dark Ages.
Yiannis Kapakis, a spokesman, said fires had been contained on the nearby island of Aegina and at Agios Stephanos, north of Athens.
Designed by Klenze in 1816 to house Ludwig's own collection of Greek and Roman antiquities (one of the best in Europe and including the Aegina Marbles), the Glyptothek combines a Greek Ionic portico with windowless walls enlivened with sculpture niches in a renaissance manner.
l Coast guards evacuated all 410 passengers from a ferry that struck rocks last night in the main port of the island of Aegina, near Athens, Greece.
Such a degree of curatorial control is a dangerous strategy but here ultimately generated an unexpected strength, thanks in large part to the complementary narrative elements in the films and videos on view (many of them made specifically for the biennial): Olaf Nicolai's Rodakis, 2007, for example, a documentary portrait of Alekos Rodakis, a craftsman who in the 1880s built a stone house on the island of Aegina that would inspire a number of mid-twentieth-century architects wishing to incorporate popular traditions into their modernist plans; and Stefanos Tsivopoulos's Untitled (Remake), 2007, which examines, in part with re-created footage, the political instrumentalization of television in late-1960s Greece, when the country was ruled by right-wing dictator Georgios Papadopoulos.
In 1810, the younger Foster joined Cockerell in gaining the Aegina marbles, and on his return transfused Grecian style to Liverpool, where it persisted, as in Glasgow, over a century.
His example was the Aegina marbles, a ruined temple that King Ludwig I of Bavaria had bought in 1811 during a visit to the Greek island and carried off as a cultural treasure.
The weather, I hate to tell you, was warm and sunny, the Aegean a wine-dark blue, and Aegina glittered on the sea like a late Christmas present.
Alexander Volchkov's Crassus was evil unalloyed, while Maria Allash laced her Aegina with high developpes and flinging arms.