Although some commentators have identified it as the triumph of the emperor Aurelian over the Palmyrene queen Zenobia, the text of Silvanus, combined with the Republican theme of the room, makes it certain that we are witnessing Aemilius Paullus, the conqueror of King Perseus of Macedon, celebrating his victory procession in 167 BC.
Within two years of the new placement of the Fasti, Cardinal Farnese's nephew, Duke Alessandro Farnese, had had his own monument, recording his own military victories, inserted in the middle of the scene showing Aemilius Paullus.
For, as Livy emphasises, he had embarked on his campaign illegally, without the authority of the senate, and the triumph he later celebrated was bitterly contested by (among others) the same Aemilius Paullus depicted on the opposite wall.
How widely replicated in the cities of the Roman Empire the model was it is impossible to say; but the new paradigm closed off the opportunity for fathers to emulate Roman paragons from the distant past such as Aemilius Paullus
, who could be remembered as 'the lovingest of fathers,' or Fabius Maximus, who could be remembered as a 'wise man and a good father.