Aeromonas


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Related to Aeromonas: Aeromonas hydrophila, Plesiomonas

Aeromonas

A bacterial genus in the family Vibrionaceae comprising oxidase-positive, facultatively anaerobic, monotrichously flagellated gram-negative rods. The mesophilic species are A. hydrophila, A. caviae, and A. sobria; the psychrophilic one is A. salmonicida. Aeromonads are of aquatic origin and are found in surface and waste water but not in seawater. They infect chiefly cold-blooded animals such as fishes, reptiles, and amphibians and only occasionally warm-blooded animals and humans. Human wound infections may occur following contact with contaminated water. Septicemia has been observed mostly in patients with abnormally low white blood counts or liver disease. There is evidence of intestinal carriers. The three mesophilic species are also associated with diarrheal disease (enteritis and colitis) worldwide. See Diarrhea

A related lophotrichous genus, Plesiomonas (single species, P. shigelloides), is also known as an aquatic bacterium and is associated with diarrhea chiefly in subtropical and tropical areas. It is also found in many warm-blooded animals. Systemic disease in humans is rare. See Medical bacteriology

Aeromonas

[e·rō′mōn·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae; straight, motile rods with rounded ends; most species are pathogenic to marine and fresh-water animals.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Aeromonas salmonicida was not isolated from water samples after 5 days in either study at 12[degrees]C or 20[degrees]C, yet in both studies, infections were established in the bioindicator fish.
Effect of Allium sativum on the immunity and survival of Labeo rohita infected with Aeromonas hydrophila.
1983) studied the occurrence of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and Aeromonas hydrophilia in the intestinal tract of leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) by using a series of biochemical tests.
Phenotypic examination of the recorded hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria from the intestinal tract of the Baltic cod, plaice and the Baltic herring revealed that they belong to Aeromonas, Pseudomonas/Shewanella (Table 1).
reported that at their department in Spain Aeromonas bacteriemia was seen in only 4 patients with hematologic malignancies (1).
It is known that aerolysin, a PFT from Aeromonas hydrophila with structural and functional similarity to VCC, depends critically for its association with lipid rafts for insertion into the bilayer to generate a functional channel (23).
All results were put in PIBWin software and ID score with ID model scores confirmed that two gram negative bacterial isolates obtained are Aeromonas schubertii (ID score,1.
Streptococcus pneumoniae, MSKNS (metisilin sensitif koagulaz negatif Staphylococcus), Aeromonas spp, Morganella morganii, Hafnia alvei) mikroorganizmalar saptanmistir.
Aeromonas hydrophila is a motile gram-negative bacilli typically causing infection after exposure of wounds to fresh water, soil, or marine creatures, and oral consumption of contaminated food (1,2).
Climate change also appears to be one of the factors explaining the appearance of furunculosis--a disease caused by the temperature-sensitive bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida--in fish consumed for subsistence by the eastern James Bay Cree of northern Quebec.
2003) studied the activity of smoke wood condensates against bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila and Listeria monocytogenes in vacuum-packaged, cold-smoked rainbow trout stored at 4[degrees]C, and the results showed that all smoke extracts showed activity against A.