Aerospace Plane

Aerospace Plane

 

a new type of piloted, jet-engined aircraft (in particular, winged) with an airfoil shape, intended for flight in the atmosphere and in space and combining the properties of an airplane and a spaceship. Designed for repeated use, it must be capable of taking off from airfields, accelerating to orbital speed, flying in space, and returning to earth to land at an airfield. One of the main functions of the aerospace plane is to carry supplies and fresh crews to the manned orbiting stations. The fact that the aerospace plane can be used repeatedly is expected to make it more efficient and economical than present-day carrier rockets. The United States is studying the possibility of using the aerospace plane for military purposes. It is proposed that the aerospace plane be powered by a combination of an air-breathing jet engine for flight within the atmosphere and a liquid-fuel rocket motor for space flight. Studies are also being made of the possibility of using nuclear power. Research is being conducted into a number of complex problems relating to the building of the aerospace plane and work is in progress (1970) on specific aerospace-plane and space-shuttle projects (for instance, Astro in the USA and Mustard in Great Britain) with an initial mass of up to several hundred tons.

transatmospheric vehicle

transatmospheric vehicle
Space shuttle.
A spacecraft capable of flight within the atmosphere in a manner similar to an aircraft. It may take off normally or be launched by a rocket. Also called an aerospace plane. The figure shown here is of a NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) space shuttle—an example of a transatmospheric vehicle.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Reading team, headed by James Ferryman, has conducted trials on a British Aerospace plane and a mock Airbus.
He progressed through increasingly responsible positions, working on such programs as the Space Shuttle vehicle, the AH-64 Apache attack helicopter, the B1-B Lancer, the National Aerospace Plane, AC-130U gunship and the Space Launch Initiative.
He later served as chief of the Dynamics and Controls Branch within Dryden's Research Engineering division, and also headed the center's National AeroSpace Plane Projects Office.
Aerospace engineers first began thinking about such engines several decades ago in a project that became known as the National Aerospace Plane.
Bob Koenig, Former Deputy Director of the National Aerospace Plane Program, NASA, as keynote speaker.
They were also asked to make a scale model of a British Aerospace plane using whatever materials they could find.
He begins with a description of the early work on scramjets, follows developments on the Air Force's aerospace plane, on to the work of NASA's Langley Research Center, and concludes with why the space plane became unsustainable.
Or it could end up like the National Aerospace Plane, the National Launch System, and myriad other projects that were funded for a few years but never were taken into full production.
Lee has the honor of the most time manually piloting NASA's X-37 aerospace plane high fidelity simulator.
Armstrong went on to become the flight planner for the X-24A and X-24B ``lifting body'' wingless experimental aircraft, and was the Flight Test Center project manager for the X-24B, the Department of Defense evaluation of the space shuttle, the National Aerospace Plane, the X-33 and others.
These previous positions within the Rockwell North American Aircraft Division included, Vice President for Engineering and Advanced Development, program director for X-33 and Reusable Launch Vehicle programs, division director for Engineering and Advanced Systems, director of the X-30 National Aerospace Plane program, and director of Hypersonic Systems Technology.
The other path is the aerospace plane (whichReagan inexplicably calls the "Orient Express," apparently believing it will be practical for commercial transportation).

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