Æthelfrith

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Æthelfrith

(ĕ`thəlfrĭth, ă–), d. 616, king of Northumbria (c.593–616). He was the first great Anglo-Saxon leader among the northern English; he united Bernicia and Deira into the kingdom of Northumbria. He repulsed an attack by the Scots in 603 and about 10 years later defeated the Welsh at Chester. During Æthelfrith's lifetime (if not solely as a result of the battle of Chester), the English penetrated to the Irish Sea, thus separating the Welsh in Wales from the Welsh in SW Scotland. Æthelfrith was killed in battle at the Idle River by Rædwald of East Anglia near the present-day town of Nottingham.
References in periodicals archive ?
The tale - patchy though it is - gets going with a woman, Acha Yffing, wife of Aethelfrith Iding, overlord of North Britain and "perhaps the greatest Early Medieval warlord".
The remains have not been dated but each of the skulls were split at the top, suggesting battle injuries which some say points to the Battle of Chester won by King Aethelfrith of Northumbria in 616AD.
Some were pagans, but most after AEthelfrith were Christian, with occasional throwbacks.
Although Bede considered kingship an office sanctioned by God and even compared the pagan King AEthelfrith to the biblical King Saul, he knew of few kings whose lives imitated Christ rather than Woden.
The careers of Oswiu and Oswine bring out another element of rivalry that often tragically appears in Germanic history and literature, that is, the role of the peaceweaver queen who must live with the rivalry of the closest men in her life: in Beowulf Wealhtheow and Hildeburh and in Northumbrian history the Deiran princess Acha who married the Bernician king AEthelfrith and bore Oswald, and here the Deiran princess Eanflaed, the daughter of King Edwin, who married Oswiu and bore Ecgfrith, final uniter of the two kingdoms.
The daughter of Aethelfrith, King of Northumbria, she became the first Abbess of Coldingham, a monastery on the Berwickshire coast which was visited by St Cuthbert.
The grandson of King Ida of Bamburgh, Aethelfrith, conquered Deira but was later killed in battle in 616 by the deposed Deiran king, Edwin.
King Ida kept the native British name of Din Guaroy for the Bamburgh stronghold, but 50 years later the name was changed to Bebbanburg, apparently after Bebba, the wife of Ida's grandson Aethelfrith.
St Oswald was the eldest son of the pagan King Aethelfrith of Bernicia and was born in 605, probably at Yeavering near Wooler in Northumer- land.
Under King Aethelfrith, Bernicia came to dominate the North and he forced Edwin, King of Deira, into exile.
But Edwin returned in alliance with the East Anglian King Raedwald and killed Aethelfrith in battle, forcing his sons Oswald and Oswiu into exile.
The continuous history of Northumbria, and indeed England, begins with the reign of Aethelfrith, son of Aethelric, and grandson of Ida, king of Bernicia.