Afanasii

Saksaganskii, Panas (Afanasii) Karpovich

 

(real surname Tobilevich). Born May 15 (27), 1859, in the village of Kamenno-Kostuvatoe, in what is now Bratskoe Raion, Niko-laev Oblast; died Sept. 17, 1940, in Kiev. Soviet Ukrainian actor, director, and teacher. People’s Artist of the USSR (1936). Brother of I. K. Karpenko-Karyi and N. K. Sadovskii.

Saksaganskii began his stage career in amateur theatricals in 1875 and in the professional theater in 1883. He worked in the troupes of M. P. Staritskii, M. L. Kropivnitskii, and N. K. Sadovskii. From 1890 to 1909 he headed a company that included some of the outstanding actors of the Ukrainian theater, such as M. K. Zan’kovetskaia. As a member of various Ukrainian companies, Saksaganskii toured Ukrainian and Russian cities from 1910 to 1915. He worked in I. A. Mar’ianenko’s company in 1915 and 1916. In 1918, Saksaganskii founded the National Theater in Kiev, which became the M. Zan’kovetskaia Ukrainian Dramatic Theater in 1922 (today it is located in L’vov). From 1927 to 1931 he worked in the I. Franko Ukrainian Theater and the Kharkov National Theater.

Saksaganskii was one of the major representatives of critical realism in the Ukrainian theater in the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. His acting was characterized by careful attention to detail, stage dialogue rich in nuances, and folk humor. He skillfully reproduced the external appearance of the character, including clothing, gestures, and facial expressions. Some of his best roles were Voznyi in Kotlia-revskii’s Natalka Poltavka, Karas’ in Gulak-Artemovskii’s The Zaporozhian Cossack Beyond the Danube, and Bonaventura and Gnat Golyi in Karpenko-Karyi’s One Hundred Thousand and Martyn Borulia. Saksaganskii started working as a director in 1889; he staged the plays of Karpenko-Karyi, Staritskii, T. G. Shevchenko, J. Schiller, and other playwrights.

WORKS

Teatr i zhyttia. Kharkov-Poltava, 1932.
Po shliakhu zhyttia. Kharkov, 1935.
Dumky pro teatr. Kiev, 1955.

REFERENCE

Tobilevych, B. P. K. Saksagans’kyi. Kiev, 1957.
References in periodicals archive ?
23) This attribution is not free from anachronisms, because the murals of the Archangel Cathedral and the Book of Degrees postdate Makarii's death in 1563 and should be associated with Makarii's successor, Afanasii.
Examples of them are people such as Afanasii Kim, Andrei Khan, Kim-Giriong, and others.
This book is dedicated to the lives and works of leading names in Russian literature, including Nikolai Gogol', Fyodor Tiutchev, Afanasii Fet, Ivan Goncharov, Alexander Ostrovsky, Ivan Turgenev, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Nikolai Nekrasov, Anton Chekhov, and Tolstoy.
Speaking of the nineteenth-century historian Afanasii Shchapov, himself a Siberian, Etkind notes how this man understood through local knowledge what the expanding frontier must have been like centuries earlier: 'He knew about the tragedies that developed at the frontlines of this hunting colonization, where the Cossacks were exterminating the hunting tribes in order to force them to exterminate the fur animals' (86).
A third narrative concludes the chapter and is that of the Russian merchant Afanasii Nikitin, who traverses Iran en route to the Deccan domain of the Bahmani Sultanate and then makes the return voyage to Russia.
34); the buildings and fences are collapsing; Afanasii Ivanovich has hunched over still further; and the former culinary abundance has disappeared.
Michels, "Rescuing the Orthodox: The Church Policies of Archbishop Afanasii of Kholmogory, 1682-1702," in Of Religion and Empire: Missions, Conversion, and Tolerance in Tsarist Russia, ed.
THE WRITING CAREER of Afanasii Isaakovich Mamedov merits observation.
Russian expansion achieved its greatest success in the 18th century, adhering to Petrine grand strategy, which, in turn, traced its roots to the geopolitical vision of Afanasii Ordin-Nashchokin in the mid-17th century.
Other finalists in the competition were: Vilson Sveta, age 10, Preobrazhenie village; Strotckaya Katya, age 13, Lazo village; Petrovetc Yulya, age 11, Preobrazhenie village; Vilchenko Lyuba, age 12, Preobrazhenie village; Afanasev Afanasii, age 10, Lazo village; Halilov Ahmad, age 13, Laze village; Blohina Tanya, age 12, Preobrazhenie village; Smirnova Lyuda, age 10, Laze village; Aicygina Nastya, age 10, Laze village.
The Riazan' settler Afanasii Mikhailov left a similar account of his family's arrival at what proved to be their ultimate stopping place in Zakubanskaia oblast' in the Northern Caucasus in 1882: "We crossed forty-five versts of steppe and experienced great grief and want .
Or take the case of Afanasii Nikitin, Russian and Orthodox merchant of Tver, who in AD 1466 set off to trade with the Tatars and ended up in India.