arteriole

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Related to Afferent arteriole: aldosterone, Distal convoluted tubule

arteriole

[är′tir·ē‚ōl]
(anatomy)
An artery of small diameter that terminates in capillaries.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other mechanisms of Amphotericin B induced nephrotoxicity suggested in the literature are direct toxic effects to the afferent arterioles and tubules and direct renal and systemic vasoconstriction.
Angiotensin II causes vasoconstriction, including of the afferent arterioles, increasing glomerular hypertension and damage.
Atrial natiuretic peptide (ANP) vasodialates the afferent arteriole and constricts the efferent arteriole increasing GFR (Cheung et al.
Histologically, the glomus tumor is made up of an endothelium-lined vascular bed, which consists of an afferent arteriole, an anastomotic vessel, and a venule surrounded by epithelioid glomus cells.
When these cells detect this increased NaCl load, they mediate vasoconstriction of the afferent arteriole via an unknown messenger substance, resulting in a decrease in the glomerular blood flow, a decrease in [P.
An afferent arteriole was sampled that showed subendothelial and intramural dense deposits and loss of the structural integrity of the media.
This high pressure is maintained up to the afferent arteriole, the location of the first major point of vascular resistance.
At this point, the afferent arteriole basement membrane is absent so that the macula densa cells and the afferent arteriole cells "touch," forming a synsitium that allows communication between these specialized cells.