affinity

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affinity

1. similarity in structure, form, etc., between different animals, plants, or languages
2. Chem
a. the tendency for two substances to combine; chemical attraction
b. a measure of the tendency of a chemical reaction to take place expressed in terms of the free energy change.
3. Biology a measure of the degree of interaction between two molecules, such as an antigen and antibody or a hormone and its receptor

Affinity

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Astrologers use the term affinity to refer to compatibility between certain planets or signs. It is also used to denote attraction between people whose charts interact harmoniously and magnetically with each other.

affinity

[ə′fin·əd·ē]
(chemistry)
The extent to which a substance or functional group can enter into a chemical reaction with a given agent. Also known as chemical affinity.
(computer science)
A specific relationship between data processing elements that requires one to be used with the other, where a choice might otherwise exist.
(immunology)
The strength of the attractive forces between an antigen and an antibody.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypermutation combined with clonal expansion is an adaptive process known as affinity maturation (Berek & Ziegner, 1993).
Affinity maturation of phage display antibody populations using ribosome display.
The combination of Abgenix's high throughput selection technologyM and Abgenix's XenoMouse takes advantage of the natural in vivo affinity maturation process and the maintenance of the original heavy and light chain pairs.
Berkeley where he did pioneering work on the structural basis of antibody affinity maturation.
Among the topics are filamentous bacteriophage structure and biology, leveraging synthetic phage-antibody libraries for panning on the mammalian cell surface, high-throughput and high-content screening using peptides, antibody humanization and affinity maturation using phage display, and native antibody libraries from natural repertoires.