Affricates


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Related to Affricates: phonetics, Semivowels, Approximants

Affricates

 

consonants consisting of plosive (obstruent) and fricative elements; for example, Russian ts and ch. An affricate is a type of obstruent consonant the occlusion of which, when it is pronounced, does not terminate with the explosion of the plosive organs of speech but with their incomplete closure, which causes the formation of a fricative. Affricates are distinguished from combinations of plosive consonants with fricatives; compare Russian ch and tsh in the words ochutit’sia and otshutit’sia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Voiceless postalveolar affricate /t[integrale]/ is changed to voiceless velar plosive /k/
10] reported the articulation disorder of affricates in the majority of children (75%), while Vuletic and Ljubesic [12] claim that there is a high frequency of articulation disorders of fricatives in addition to affricates.
Elamite Phonemes / Graphical Units Sources: Stolper 2004: 70-73 Khachikian 1998: 5-10 * Elamite <z> is some sort of affricate (not [z]); Khachikian 1998: 7-8.
Considering the data on affricates in occlusive environment /t/ and in the item 'muito', schooling and collection type are the factors selected, in this order.
Another sound that is still controversial in Ndebele is the voiced alveolar affricate [dz], in some Ndebele words such as iziwidzi 'sweets' it is replaced by /j/ to be iziwiji, (Hadebe, 2006:178).
Kallio (2007 : 235-236, 241-242), however, has shown that Voro has often preserved an affricate as a reflex of Pre-PFi *t before *i.
Conversely the first C of tn- consonantal clusters word medially in Hindko can be astop fricative affricate or nasal but third C at the right edge is always a liquid or a flap.
As for voiceless plosives and affricates, such aspiration is still phonetically realized, whereas for voiced consonants there is no aspiration heard in today's pronunciation of those word but must have been present at an earlier stage, as shown by comparative data.
passing to the northern affricate and these are restricted to a few words: zaschuna (V: 23); zo (I: 10) (V: 11) (VI: 14, 40); zoe (V: 39, 45, 48).
In contrast, affricates and sibilants were less frequently confused with other consonants by the ONH subjects (particularly in coda position) and so remained closer to the circle circumference.
The voiceless affricate and voiceless stops demonstrate such kind of tendency.
s, s [s]) which facilitated the innovation of a three- or two-stepped system of affricates (e.