Voiceless postalveolar affricate
/t[integrale]/ is changed to voiceless velar plosive /k/
10] reported the articulation disorder of affricates
in the majority of children (75%), while Vuletic and Ljubesic  claim that there is a high frequency of articulation disorders of fricatives in addition to affricates
Elamite Phonemes / Graphical Units Sources: Stolper 2004: 70-73 Khachikian 1998: 5-10 * Elamite <z> is some sort of affricate
(not [z]); Khachikian 1998: 7-8.
Considering the data on affricates
in occlusive environment /t/ and in the item 'muito', schooling and collection type are the factors selected, in this order.
Another sound that is still controversial in Ndebele is the voiced alveolar affricate
[dz], in some Ndebele words such as iziwidzi 'sweets' it is replaced by /j/ to be iziwiji, (Hadebe, 2006:178).
Kallio (2007 : 235-236, 241-242), however, has shown that Voro has often preserved an affricate
as a reflex of Pre-PFi *t before *i.
Conversely the first C of tn- consonantal clusters word medially in Hindko can be astop fricative affricate
or nasal but third C at the right edge is always a liquid or a flap.
As for voiceless plosives and affricates
, such aspiration is still phonetically realized, whereas for voiced consonants there is no aspiration heard in today's pronunciation of those word but must have been present at an earlier stage, as shown by comparative data.
passing to the northern affricate
and these are restricted to a few words: zaschuna (V: 23); zo (I: 10) (V: 11) (VI: 14, 40); zoe (V: 39, 45, 48).
In contrast, affricates
and sibilants were less frequently confused with other consonants by the ONH subjects (particularly in coda position) and so remained closer to the circle circumference.
The voiceless affricate
and voiceless stops demonstrate such kind of tendency.
s, s [s]) which facilitated the innovation of a three- or two-stepped system of affricates