African Union

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African Union

(AU), international organization established in 2002 by the nations of the former Organization of African UnityOrganization of African Unity
(OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism;
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 (OAU). The AU is the successor organization to the OAU, with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commmitment to democratic principles. There are 55 member nations; Morocco, which had withdrawn from the OAU in 1984, did not join until 2017. The AU's headquarters are at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The AU's bodies include the Assembly of the AU, the Pan-African Parliament, the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, the AU Commission (its secretariat), the African Central Bank, African Monetary Fund, and other organs and agencies.

The Constitutive Act of the AU was adopted at Lomé, Togo, in 2000, the act was ratified in 2001, and in July the OAU held its last summit as the AU came into existence. The OAU continued to function, however, during a yearlong transition period, until the first official summit of the AU was held in July, 2002. The Pan-African Parliament, based in Johannesburg, South Africa, was inaugurated in 2004, initially as a purely advisory body. The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), established in 2001 by the OAU as a program to promote African development, was fully integrated into the AU in 2010 when its secretariat became the AU's NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. The AU has authorized a number of peacekeeping and joint military forces to reduce instability and counter security threats in member nations. In 2018 many AU members signed the African Continental Free Trade Area agreement; among those not initially party to it, however, were Nigeria and South Africa, two of the continent's most important economies.

References in periodicals archive ?
During the meeting, Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed expressed the UAE's desire to further develop and strengthen bilateral relations with all African Union countries and to develop aspects of joint cooperation in various fields.
Le Monde emphasized that the AU headquarters building was built by China "as a gift to the African Union," hinting this could say something about the nature of Sino-African relations, a sentiment picked up by many observers.
He said the African Union will not hesitate "to assist in any way deemed appropriate in defusing the current tension on the basis of the fundamental principle of the respect of constitutional order and the rule of law.
The African Union Commission Chairperson Moussa Faki said, in his speech at the opening session, that "the summit is taking place at a time when the continent faces great challenges, calling on African leaders to make efforts to turn words into action, calling for strengthening solidarity to implement the African plans 2030-2036, praising the partnership among the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations.
Aghajafari discussed bilateral ties with authorities of the African Union at the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa.
The objective being that they be able to ensure the implementation of the project to submit reports to the African Union Commission.
Abdel Rahman will participate in the third meeting of the African Union High-level Committee on Libya, which will be held at the level of heads of state on Saturday, the 9th September, to discuss ways to achieve reconciliation and restore stability and peace in Libya.
html) a South African lawmaker and the first female leader of the African Union,  said the new Trump administration could usher in "very turbulent times.
The UN Secretary-General's Special Representative to the African Union, Haile Menkerios, told the Security Council that "no single organization can succeed on its own in addressing the challenges that confront us" and noted that "in the past decade, regional and sub-regional organizations have gained greater influence over conflict dynamics and regional politics.
Al Shabaab, a group aligned to al Qaeda, said the base had Kenyan soldiers serving as part of an African Union force battling the Islamist group in Somalia, a country mired in conflict since civil war broke out in 1991.
President Barack Obama hails Africa's development in a historic visit to the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethopia July 28, 2015: "Although we welcome you as the President of the United States of America, we also claim you as our own".
The African Union is looking to the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) to solve transportation problems and infrastructure issues, according to Nadir Fath Elalim from the African Union's senior political office.

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