African Union

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African Union

(AU), international organization established in 2002 by the nations of the former Organization of African UnityOrganization of African Unity
(OAU), former international organization, established 1963 at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by 37 independent African nations to promote unity and development; defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism;
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 (OAU). The AU is the successor organization to the OAU, with greater powers to promote African economic, social, and political integration, and a stronger commmitment to democratic principles. There are 54 member nations; the only African country that is not a member is Morocco. The AU's headquarters are at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The AU's bodies include the Assembly of the AU, the Pan-African Parliament, the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, the AU Commission (its secretariat), the African Central Bank, African Monetary Fund, and other organs and agencies.

The Constitutive Act of the AU was adopted at Lomé, Togo, in 2000, the act was ratified in 2001, and in July the OAU held its last summit as the AU came into existence. The OAU continued to function, however, during a yearlong transition period, until the first official summit of the AU was held in July, 2002. The Pan-African Parliament, based in Johannesburg, South Africa, was inaugurated in 2004, initially as a purely advisory body. The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), established in 2001 by the OAU as a program to promote African development, was fully integrated into the AU in 2010 when its secretariat became the AU's NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. The AU has authorized a number of peacekeeping and joint military forces to reduce instability and counter security threats in member nations.

References in periodicals archive ?
This decision by the African Union member states shows a disdain for those in Darfur who suffered gross human rights violation and makes a mockery of the AU as an international body," said Amnesty Africa director Erwin van der Borght.
Best reported that Africa Re maintained a strong competitive position within the African reinsurance market during 2008 and continues to benefit from a privileged access to all African Union member states.
Best considers that Africa Re maintained a strong competitive position within the African reinsurance market during 2008 and continues to benefit from a privileged access to all African Union member states.
The project focuses on internal staffing and management systems, supporting external partnerships and programs to strengthen regional economic development initiatives in regional trade, energy, infrastructure, governance and natural resource management benefiting African Union member states and their people.
The scheme puts women at the centre of every initiative that will be undertaken by African Union member states during the ten years.
The Kigali Action Plan aims to mobilize at least EUR 50 million to help finance water supply, improved sanitation and hygiene for five million people in 10 African Union Member States.
African Union member states spoke in one voice in a manner that had never been seen at such international gatherings before.
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