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(äg'ädĕz`) or


(ägädĕs`), town (1988 pop. 50,164), W central Niger, in the Aïr Massif. Agadez is a trade center visited by TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
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 pastoral nomads. Leather and silver handicrafts are made. Tin, tungsten, uranium, and salt are mined nearby. Founded by the 11th cent., Agadez developed because of its location on trans-Saharan caravan routes linking Egypt and Libya with the Lake Chad area. Agadez was held by the MaliMali
, officially Republic of Mali, independent republic (2005 est. pop. 12,292,000), 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte
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 empire during part of the 14th cent., captured by the SonghaiSonghai
or Songhay
, largest of the former empires in the western Sudan region of N Africa. The state was founded (c.700) by Berbers on the Middle Niger, in what is now central Mali. The rulers accepted Islam c.1000.
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 empire in 1515, and controlled by BornuBornu
, former Muslim state, mostly in NE Nigeria, extending S and W of Lake Chad. It began its existence as a separate state in the late 14th cent. From the 14th to the 18th cent. Bornu exported slaves, eunuchs, fabrics dyed with saffron, and other goods to N Africa.
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 in the 17th cent. It remained a trade center until the late 19th cent. During much of this time it was a center of Islamic learning. The French occupied the town in the early 20th cent. Agadez has a 16th-century mosque and a school of mines.



city in the Republic of Niger in the Air oasis on the Algiers-Zinder highway. Center of Agadez District. Population in 1962 was 6,900. Airfield.

Agadez is a center of commerce and distribution. There is a ceramic factory. It has a sultan’s palace and mosque of the 16th century. North of Agadez there is mining of tin, tungsten, and rock salt; there are commercial deposits of uranium ore.

References in periodicals archive ?
in the region of Agadez, northern Niger, and in the regions of Gao and
On April 20, a French citizen was kidnapped by a group affiliated with AQIM in a location west of Agadez.
Other African Emirs and Sultans embraced Islam when Al-Qathafi visited Timbuktu and Agadez a few months ago.
Meanwhile, nearly 800 Nigerian migrants have been taken to Agadez in northern Niger from IOM's reception and transit centre in Dirkou.
The military sources said a convoy of between 200 and 250 vehicles was escorted to the northern city of Agadez by the army of Niger, a poor and landlocked former French colony.
Additional reporting by Sherine El Madany near Sirte, Emma Farge in Benghazi, William MacLean, Mohammed Abbas and Mohammad Ben-Hussein in Tripoli, Barry Malone and Sylvia Westall in Tunis, Abdoulaye Massalatchi in Agadez
But a spokesperson for the French foreign ministry in Paris could not confirm the report of the convoy's arrival in the Northern Niger desert city of Agadez nor any offer to Qaddafi, who with Saif al-Islam is wanted for crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court at The Hague.
Families left homeless in the remote Diffa region in southeast Niger and Agadez in the north have not received assistance yet.
The armed forces include general staff and battalion task force organizations consisting of two paratroop units, four light armored units, and nine motorized infantry units located in Tahoua, Agadez, Dirkou, Zinder, Nguigmi, N'Gourti, and Madewela.
Participants in this week's training represent the 4 most-affected regions of Niger: Maradi, Agadez, Zinder and Diffa.
A Niger government source said Tuesday that Saadi had been transferred from the northern desert town of Agadez to the capital Niamey late Tuesday: "He is in a secure place.