Agama

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Agama

 

(Agamidae), a family of lizards. The head is covered with small plates, the extremities are well developed, and the tail is usually long and is nonautotomic. The teeth are attached to the upper edge of the jaws (acrodonts). Agamas have the ability to change color under the influence of excitement or warmth. There are approximately 35 genera (Draco, Calotes, Phrynocephalus, Amphibolurus barbatus, Chlamydosaurus kingi, Uromastyx, Moloch horridas, and many others), which include approximately 300 species. They are found in Africa (with the exception of Madagascar); southeastern Europe; middle, central, and southern Asia; Australia; and New Guinea. In the USSR there are two genera (Agama and Phrynocephalus) represented by 13 species. The agamas are active during the day. Most of them feed predominantly on insects, and a few are herbivorous.

The genus Agama includes approximately 60 species (in Africa, southwest Asia, and southern Europe), seven of which are found in the USSR. The overall body length of adult agamas can be as much as 27 to 35 cm. One of the most characteristic lizards of the deserts and semideserts of middle Asia and the eastern Ciscaucasian area is the steppe agama (Agama sanguinolenta), whose body length can be as much as 30 cm. Typical for the mountains are the Caucasian agama (Agama caucasica), the Turkestan agama (Agama lehmanii), the Pavlovskii agama (Agama pawlowskii), and others.

P. V. TERENT’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
The Suksmagama is named as one of the twenty-eight primary Agamas and also as one of the secondary texts or upagamas; it is not clear which one this text is (or how accurate our lists of texts are, for that matter).
Studies in Agama Literature, With Special Reference to the Shorter Chinese Samyuktagama.
I am most interested in snakes, lizards and agamas and that's why I head out at night a lot during summer when the sun hasn't come up and there are still some nocturnal creatures around.
It also explains why instructions in the agamas are often encoded and partial -described purposefully with omission, reservation and, at times, even incorrectly.
38) In sum, the Ekottarika-agama clearly remained open to the inclusion of later stories to a greater degree than the Pali Nikayas and other Chinese Agamas.
On the Formation of the Original Texts of the Chinese Agamas," Buddhist Studies Review 3 (1986) no.
The latter article also notes that in the context of a request by the temple authorities to have the animals returned to the temple, "It was also contended in the representations that the withdrawal of Punugu oil from the ingredients used during the 'abhishekam' as prescribed in the Vaikhanasa Agamas amounted to interference with the age-old religious practices.
Beginning from an analysis of two stories from the agamas in Chinese translation and their commentaries by Daoxuan (596-667) and Daoshi (596?
For over a half century now French and Indian scholars (with an occasional British director) have collaborated in an extraordinary project to collect, edit, publish, and translate the Sanskrit manuscripts of the Saiva Agamas and their ancillary works.
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When the French Institute of Indology was established in 1955 under the direction of Jean Filliozat, the Saiva Agamas and the Sanskrit texts of the Saiva Siddhanta school were largely unknown to academic study.