Agaricales


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Agaricales

[ə‚gar·ə′kā·lēz]
(mycology)
An order of fungi in the class Basidiomycetes containing all forms of fleshy, gilled mushrooms.

Agaricales

 

an order of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes with fleshy annual fruiting bodies, each consisting of a cap and a stalk. The hymenophore, which is lamellar or, more rarely, tubular, can easily be separated from the cap tissue. Around 3,000 species of Agaricales are known. They include the widely known forest mushrooms, the vital activities of which are closely dependent upon the roots of trees—the boletus, such as the edible boletus, the rough-stemmed boletus, the red boletus, the butter mushroom, the mossiness mushroom, and others and the gill fungi, such as the russula, the wooly milk-cap, the saffron milk cap, and others. There are also the mushrooms that grow in fields, meadows, gardens, weedy areas, and heavily manured areas, such as the common mushroom and the shaggy mane. All of these mushrooms are edible. One of them, Agaricus bisporus, is widely cultivated in more than 20 nations.

Agaricales also includes the most dangerous poisonous mushrooms, such as the death cap, the fly agaric (red cap, panther cap, and colymbiformes), and Amanita mappa.

L. V. GARIBOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Estudio Taxonomico y Ecologico de los Hongos Agaricales en el Bosque del Nino, Reserva Forestal de Grecia.
Respecto a la composicion general de los hongos el 49% son hongos pertenecientes al grupo de los Agaricales, el 42% al grupo de los Aphyllophorales el 8% pertenecen al grupo de los Auriculariales y solo el 1% pertenecen al grupo de los Schizophyllales (Figura 1).
Aime sequenced genes from the two cacao pathogens, relating the data to sequences gained from the Agaricales project.
New taxa and new combinations of Agaricales (Diagnoses Fungorum Novorum Agaricalium IV).
Los Agaricales incluyen especies muy interesantes desde varios puntos de vista; por ejemplo, un numero grande forman asociaciones micorricicas con especies de arboles de interes forestal (Ontiveros y Amora, 2003).
It belongs to Phylum Basidiomycota, Order Agaricales, Family Russulaceae.
Los Basidiomycota estan representados por 14 ordenes, de los cuales Agaricales es el mas rico con 34 especies (33.
which is the main forest-making species of autochthonous forest steppe oakeries in Eastern Europe, in conditions of Central Russian Upland, we can find nearly 10 species of polypores [1-3], belonging to orders Agaricales, Hymenochaetales, Polyporales (class Agaricomicetes, division Basidiomycota [4]).
Listado de especies de los ordenes Agaricales, Boletales, Cantharellales y Russulales (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota).
Los pseudoescorpiones viven debajo de la corteza de los arboles, entre los musgos, en hongos Agaricales y Poliporales, en las hendiduras del suelo, rocas o muros, jardines.
Pholiota Kummer, a genus of macrofungi, often endowed with attractive colors, belongs to the family Strophariaceae, order Agaricales, class Basidiomycetes.