Agaricus


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Related to Agaricus: Agaricus campestris

Agaricus

 

(meadow mushroom and related species), a genus of mushrooms of the family Agaricaceae. The cap is 3–25 cm in diameter, smooth or scaly, fleshy, and compact. There are about 60 cosmopolitan species. The mushrooms grow mainly on forest or meadow humus, on well-manured soils, on the barks of dead trees, and in anthills. They can be found on roadsides, in flower gardens, in vegetable gardens, in parks, on livestock farms, and in hotbeds.

The most common species are A. campester (common field mushroom), A. arvensis, and A. bernardii (which also occurs in deserts and semideserts). Two species— A. meleagris and A. xanthoderma—are poisonous. The species A. bisporus is raised commercially in many countries, including the USSR, the USA, Great Britain, France, Holland, Denmark, and the German Democratic Republic. The mushroom contains 46.5 percent protein and yields a harvest of up to 15 kg/m2. In the USSR mushrooms of the genus Agaricus are cultivated commercially in the suburbs of many large industrial centers, including Moscow, Leningrad, and Gorky.

REFERENCES

Gromov, N. G. Shampin’ony, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1960.
Zhizn’ rastenii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1976.
Hunte, W. Champignonanbau im Haupt-und Nebenerwerb, 7th ed. Berlin-Hamburg, 1973.
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Schaap, "Polyphosphate accumulation in the senescing mushroom Agaricus bisporus," Postharvest Biology and Technology, vol.
Control rats were fed only on basal diet (CAS), supplemented for the other three groups by the above-mentioned diets [Agaricus (COG group), at 1% cholesterol (CAS + COL group) and at 1% cholesterol over Agaricus (group COG + COL)].
This study will enhance our knowledge for the ligninolytic system of this edible mushroom, and show the potential applications of the manganese peroxidase of Agaricus bisporus A21 in industry and biotechnology.
The mushroom Agaricus Blazei Murill in combination with metformin and gliclazide improves insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes: a randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Temperature and pH conditions for mycelial growth of Agaricus brasiliensis on axenic cultivation.
1982) reported that spent Agaricus bisporus substrates could be used as sources of minerals for animals, as they are rich in major and trace minerals.
Agaricus bisporus is one of the most intensively cultivated and extensively researched edible mushroom species in the world (Chang 2005).
Table I: Effect of polyamine spermine on total phenolics (mg/g) of Agaricus bisporus during storage at 4degC
New in the product line is Immune Assist Micron, a special blend of the immune active heteropolysaccharides derived from Cordyceps sinensis, Coriolus versicolor, Agaricus blazei, Grifola frondosa, Ganoderma lucidum and Lentinula edodes in micronized form.