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agate(ăg`ĭt), translucent, cryptocrystalline variety of quartzquartz,
one of the commonest of all rock-forming minerals and one of the most important constituents of the earth's crust. Chemically, it is silicon dioxide, SiO2.
..... Click the link for more information. and a subvariety of chalcedonychalcedony
[from Chalcedon], form of quartz the crystals of which are so minute that its crystalline structure cannot be seen except with the aid of a microscope. Chalcedony has a waxy luster and is translucent to transparent.
..... Click the link for more information. . Agates are identical in chemical structure to jasper, flint, chert, petrified wood, and tiger's-eye, and are often found in association with opal. The colorful, banded rocks are used as a semiprecious gemstone and in the manufacture of grinding equipment. An agate's banding forms as silica from solution is slowly deposited into cavities and veins in older rock. The stones can be artificially stained to produce combinations of color more vivid than those found in the natural state. The cutting and staining of agates has long been centered at Idar-Oberstein, Germany. Important sources of agate are Brazil, Uruguay, and the United States (Oregon, Washington, and around Lake Superior). The moss agate or mocha stone contains visible impurities in the form of dendritic shapes that resemble moss. See onyxonyx
, variety of cryptocrystalline quartz, differing from agate only in that the bands of which it is composed are parallel and regular. Its appearance is most striking when the bands are of sharply contrasting colors; black and white specimens are often used for cameos.
..... Click the link for more information. .
a mineral; a variety of chalcedony in the form of a dense, cryptocrystalline aggregate of fibrous or radial quartz formations (Si02)—so-called quartzite or α-tridymite. The mineral is characterized by multiple interstratification of thin (up to 10 microns), variously colored layers. The hardness of agate on the mineralogical scale is 6.0–6.5. The following varieties are recognized depending on the combination of colors in the layers—onyx (white and black layers), carnelian (red and white), sardonyx (reddish brown and white), and agates (bluish gray and white). Agate occurs in veins, in geodes, in amygdules among igneous rocks, and in the tuffs of the last. It is used as an industrial or semiprecious stone and in the manufacture of technical articles (bearing stones, prisms for scales, and so on). Agate is colored artificially to obtain bright, decorative forms.
G. P. BARSANOV