Agricultural Adjustment Administration

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Agricultural Adjustment Administration

(AAA), former U.S. government agency established (1933) in the Dept. of Agriculture under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 as part of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal program. Its purpose was to help farmers by reducing production of staple crops, thus raising farm prices and encouraging more diversified farming. Farmers were given benefit payments in return for limiting acreage given to staple crops; in the case of cotton and tobacco coercive taxes forced (1934–35) farmers to cut the amounts that they marketed. In 1936 the Supreme Court declared important sections of the act invalid, but Congress promptly adopted (1936) the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, which encouraged conservation by paying benefits for planting soil-building crops instead of staple crops. The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 empowered the AAA in years of good crops to make loans to farmers on staple crop yields and to store the surplus produce, which it could then release in years of low yield. Soil conservation was continued, and farmers could by two-thirds vote adopt compulsory marketing quotas (as they did for cotton and tobacco). In World War II the AAA turned its attention to increasing food production to meet war needs. It was renamed (1942) the Agricultural Adjustment Agency, and in 1945 its functions were taken over by the Production and Marketing Administration.

Bibliography

See E. G. Nourse et al., Three Years of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (1937, repr. 1971); G. V. L. Perkins, Crisis in Agriculture (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
One month before he signed the NIRA, Roosevelt signed the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA).
His dream of central planning was made real via the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933.
of San Francisco) seek to explain the New Deal origins and implementation of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the National Labor Relations Act, and the Social Security Act through their theory of class dominance in the United States (rooted in the work of sociologists C.
family farm (6) as a result of technological advancements and low demand, Congress passed the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933.
Sebelius cited a 1942 Supreme Court ruling that upheld the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, under which an Ohio farmer, Roscoe Filburn, had been compelled to destroy part of his crops and pay a fine for exceeding government limits on grain production.
What has Obama achieved that equals the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Agricultural Adjustment Act or FDR's anti-foreclosure efforts that saved the homes and farms of millions of Americans?
He viewed the Agricultural Adjustment Act as a means for full-time government control of farming.
With food prices falling and huge surpluses of food building, the government decided to pass the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 which forced farmers to destroy crops and livestock in an attempt to artificially drive up food prices.
Cohen also praises the Agricultural Adjustment Act for destroying crops, raising farm prices and farm incomes.
In May 1933, the first of FDR's New Deal "consortia" came into being with the passage of the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA).
The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 similarly restricted production to keep prices high.
For example, the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 authorized the secretary of agriculture to inflate prices by reducing farm acreage.

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