Aubigné, Théodore Agrippa d'

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Aubigné, Théodore Agrippa d'

(tāōdôr` əgrĭp`ə` dōbĭnŏyā`), 1552–1630, French poet and Huguenot soldier. A devoted follower of Henry of Navarre (Henry IVHenry IV,
1553–1610, king of France (1589–1610) and, as Henry III, of Navarre (1572–1610), son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret; first of the Bourbon kings of France.
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) from 1568, he was later associated with Henri de RohanRohan, Henri, duc de
, 1579–1638, French Protestant general; son-in-law of the duc de Sully. A leader of the Huguenots, Rohan took up arms against the French government in 1621–22 as a consequence of the reestablishment of Roman Catholicism in Béarn.
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 in an abortive plot and fled France to live in Geneva (1620). His Histoire universelle (1616–18) is an account of the French religious wars from 1553 to 1602. D'Aubigné's reputation rests on Les Tragiques (1616), an epic poem using apocalyptic allegory to condemn the wars. Rediscovered and celebrated by the Romantics because of its somber imagery, Les Tragiques is now recognized as one of the French Baroque masterpieces.

Aubigné, Théodore Agrippa d’

 

Born Feb. 8, 1552, near Pons, Saint-Maury (Saintonge); died Apr. 29, 1630, in Geneva. French poet and historian.

A Huguenot, Aubigné fought in the Wars of Religion and served as aide-de-camp to Henry of Navarre (the future Henry IV). In his early works (the collection Printemps, published 1874) he imitated the writers of the Pléiade. Aubigné’s major work, Les Tragiques (1575–1615, published 1616), is a poem in seven cantos. Making use of biblical allegories, impassioned invectives, and lyrical outpourings, Aubigné described the misfortunes of the people during the Wars of Religion and satirically depicted the leaders of both parties.

Aubigné also wrote an autobiography, lampoons, and the novel The Adventures of the Baron de Faeneste (books 1–4, 1617—30), a satire on the nobility that betrays the influence of Rabelais. His Universal History, which chronicles historical events in France between 1553 and 1602, is devoted chiefly to the Wars of Religion. Based on Aubigné’s personal recollections, on the correspondence of military and political figures, and on other archival sources, the Universal History contains a great deal of factual information. To a significant extent, it is directed against royal absolutism.

WORKS

Histoire universelle, vols. 1–11. Paris, 1886–1925.
Oeuvres. Paris, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Tragicheskie poemy i sonety. Memuary. Moscow, 1949.
In Evropeiskie poety Vozrozhdeniia. Moscow, 1974.

REFERENCE

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 308–13.
Garnier, A. A. d’Aubigné et le parti protestant, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1928.
Rocheblave, S. Un Héros de l’épopée huguenote: A. d’Aubigné. Paris, 1930.
Galzy, J. Agrippa d’Aubigné. Paris, 1965.
Rousselot, J. A. d’Aubigné. [Paris, 1966.]
Bailbé, J. A. d’Aubigné: Poète des Tragiques. Caen, 1968.
Fasano, G. Les Tragiques: Un’ epopea della morte, vols. 1–2. Bari, 1970.

A. D. MIKHAILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Poets such as Philippe Desportes, Agrippa d'Aubigne, and Beroalde de Verville, while acquiring mastery of their model, made it their own and transformed it.
Jean Henri Merle d'Aubigne (1794-1872) was born in Geneva of French Protestant refugees, descendants of the great Calvinist epic poet and prose-writer, Agrippa d'Aubigne.
100, 116, 121-22, 157, 172, 329; "Remonstrance a la France sur la protestation des chefs de la Ligue, faicte l'an 1585," in Duplessis-Mornay, Memoires, III, 66-67; Theodore Agrippa d'Aubigne, in Baron A.
A similar arbitrariness comes through in the choice of corpus examined, which comprises such disparate texts as Jehan de Saintre by Antoine de la Sale (chapter 2), Voyage de Genes and Voyage de Venise by Jean Marot (chapter 2), Illustrations de Gaule et Singularitez de Troye by Jean Lemaire de Belges (chapter 3), Pantagruel and Gargantua by Rabelais (chapter 4), Les Angoysses douloureuses by Helisenne de Crenne (chapter 5), the Amadis de Gaule (chapter 5), the Franciade by Pierre de Ronsard (chapter 6), and the Tragiques by Agrippa d'Aubigne (chapter 7).
Tournon has produced noteworthy studies of other French Renaissance authors, such as Francois Rabelais, Beroalde de Verville, and Agrippa d'Aubigne, but his main recognition derives from the series of publications inaugurated by Montaigne, la glose et I'essai in 1983 and highlighted in 1998 by the publication of a new edition of the Essays in accordance with editorial principles expounded in a lengthy series of articles and conference papers from the 1990s.
The focus of his study lies in particular in selected works by militant French poet and historian Agrippa d'Aubigne.
In this recent contribution to late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century French history, marking the transition from the reign of Henry III to that of Henry IV and beyond, to the regency of Marie de' Medici and the early reign of Louis XIII, Gilbert Schrenck, editor of Pierre de l'Estoile and Agrippa d'Aubigne, addresses yet another aspect of the political and ideological debates of this era.
Madeleine Lazard's biography of Agrippa d'Aubigne is an essay in high vulgarization intended to attract a general reading public (something that apparently still exists in France) to the works of a great but neglected writer.
2) or even the slighlty later Histoire universelle of Theodore Agrippa D'Aubigne (Geneva: Droz, ca.
6) Nevertheless, writers such as Agrippa d'Aubigne and Beroalde de Verville devised strategies to write about themselves, even while insisting on their adherence to a theological system that rejected the self as an obstruction of, or a diversion from, the necessary and salutary focus on the divine.
Szymborska was also a translator of the works of others, notably the French classical poets Agrippa d'Aubigne and Theophile de Viau, and Jewish author Icyk Manger.
O horror suscitado por essa matanca levou, por exemplo, Agrippa d'Aubigne a qualificar o suor de sangue que brotara, segundo se dizia, do corpo de Carlos IX por ocasiao da sua morte, "uma amostra apodrecida do sangue grosseiro da dinastia dos Valois".