Ahab

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Ahab

(ā`hăb), d. c.853 B.C., king of Israel (c.874–c.853 B.C.), son and successor of OmriOmri
. 1 King of Israel. He was a general in the army of Elah, and on the king's death at the hands of Zimri (1,) Omri proclaimed himself king. Soon after this Zimri killed himself.
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 (1.) Ahab was one of the greatest kings of the northern kingdom. He consolidated the good foreign relations his father had fostered, and Israel was at peace during much of his reign. His marriage with JezebelJezebel
, in the First Book of Kings, Phoenician princess who was the wife of King Ahab and the mother of Ahaziah, Jehoram, and Athaliah. She encouraged worship of Baal, including the worship of Asherah and persecuted the prophets of her day. Jezebel was the bitter foe of Elijah.
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 helped his friendship with Tyre, and his alliance with JehoshaphatJehoshaphat
, In the Bible, king of Judah (c.873–849 B.C.), son and successor of Asa (1.) He continued his father's religious reforms. He was an ally of Ahab, who was king of Israel, and his successors, and he was the first king of Judah to make a treaty with the
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 (1,) king of Judah, made Ahab sure of his less powerful neighbor to the south. Ahab's prestige is seen in Assyrian inscriptions mentioning his alliance against Shalmaneser III (see Shalmaneser IShalmaneser I
, d. 1290 B.C., king of Assyria. He restored the temple at Assur, established a royal residence at Nineveh, and removed the capital from Assur to Calah, c.18 mi (29 km) S of Nineveh. Shalmaneser III, 859–824 B.C.
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), who won an indecisive victory (c.854 B.C.) at Karkar on the Orontes. After this campaign Ahab and BenhadadBenhadad
, in the Bible, kings of Damascus. 1 The son of Tabrimon, ally of Asa of Judah against Baasha of Israel. 2 Probably the son and successor of (1,
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 (2) of Damascus went to war over the country E of the Jordan. Ahab was killed in battle. The biblical account of Ahab's reign is most interesting in its religious aspects. To the devout, Ahab's foreign wife, with her Tyrian cults and behavior, represented evil. Besides, she was a willful woman and entertained exalted ideas of royal prerogative. She met her match in ElijahElijah
or Elias
[both: Heb.,=Yahweh is God], fl. c.875 B.C., Hebrew prophet in the reign of King Ahab. He is one of the outstanding figures of the Bible. Elijah's mission was to destroy the worship of foreign gods and to restore exclusive loyalty to God.
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, the champion of Israel's God. He was an important factor in the discontent that began to develop in Israel at this period. Ahab was succeeded by his sons, first Ahaziah, then Jehoram. The ruins of his palace have been excavated at SamariaSamaria
, city, ancient Palestine, on a hill NW of modern-day Nablus (Shechem). The site is now occupied by a village, Sabastiyah (West Bank). Samaria (named for Shemer, who owned the land) was built by King Omri as the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel in the early 9th
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. The Ahab of Jer. 29.21,22 is a different person, a lying prophet.

Ahab

honored false gods, usurped others’ land; byword for baseness. [O.T.: I Kings 17:29–34; 21:25]

Ahab

Old Testament the king of Israel from approximately 869 to 850 bc and husband of Jezebel: rebuked by Elijah (I Kings 16:29--22:40)