Ahmad Shah Durrani

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Ahmad Shah Durrani

 

Born circa 1721; died 1773. Founder of the independent Afghan Durrani state: shah from 1747. Member of the Sadozai clan of the Durrani tribe.

Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. Between 1748 and 1757 he conquered the Punjab, Kashmir, Sirhind, Sind, Khurasan, Balkh, and Baluchistan. He inflicted a crushing defeat on the Marathas in 1761 in the battle at Panipat. Under Ahmad Shah Durrani, the first friendly contacts between Afghanistan and Russia were established.

References in periodicals archive ?
He said that there exist a memorial of Ahmad Shah Abdali and stressed on building memorials of birthplaces of remaining two kings too.
a[euro] He said that a[euro]oeIqbal was profoundly moved by the works, movement and messages of great Afghan and Pushtoon generals, leaders and scholars like Mehmood Ghaznavi, Hakeem Sanai, Sher Shah Suri, Ahmad Shah Abdali, Khushal Khan Khattak and Syed Jamaluddin Aghani, etc.
This mosque, which dates back to the era of Afghan emperor Ahmad Shah Abdali, was damaged by locals who tried to erect a commercial centre in the vicinity.
In telling us the story of the rivalry between the Sadozais, the descendents of Ahmad Shah Abdali who unified the state that subsequently became Afghanistan, and the Barakzais, whose scion Wazir Mohammed Akbar Khan led the revolt against the British in 1841, the writer takes us into the medieval world of blood feuds, treachery, blindings and assassinations.
This was around the same time the saying in the plains of Punjab was, "Whatever we eat and drink is ours, the rest belongs to Ahmad Shah Abdali.
The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between Marathas and Ahmad Shah Abdali, an ethic Pashtun from Afghanistan.
But his follower, Ahmad Shah Abdali, who invaded India several times, was revered by the Afghans and is their national hero.
After Nadir Shah's death, the kingdom of Afghanistan was established in 1747, by one of his generals, Ahmad Shah Abdali and included Kashmir, Peshawar, Daman, Multan, Sind and Punjab.
The Ruhelas sustained their position, notwithstanding numerous internecine feuds, by always seeking alliances with the various powers that contested for control of Delhi - the Mughal emperors, the Afghans of Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Marathas, and the Sikhs.
The brief period of Ahmad Shah Abdali and the emergence of Afghanistan, the Pakhtuns got a state but were never able to come at par with other states in the field of science and technology and other soft manifestations of state.
KABUL (PAN): The Ainak Club defeated Spin Ghar by five wickets in a test match as part of the Ahmad Shah Abdali tournament underway at the Kabul International Stadium, an official said on Sunday.
KABUL (PAN): Amu Zone outplayed the Boost squad in the opener of the three-day Ahmad Shah Abdali Baba Cricket Tournament on Monday.