Ahmad Shah Durrani


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Ahmad Shah Durrani

 

Born circa 1721; died 1773. Founder of the independent Afghan Durrani state: shah from 1747. Member of the Sadozai clan of the Durrani tribe.

Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. Between 1748 and 1757 he conquered the Punjab, Kashmir, Sirhind, Sind, Khurasan, Balkh, and Baluchistan. He inflicted a crushing defeat on the Marathas in 1761 in the battle at Panipat. Under Ahmad Shah Durrani, the first friendly contacts between Afghanistan and Russia were established.

References in periodicals archive ?
The charges were brought by on-field umpires Ruchira Pallyaguru and Ahmad Shah Durrani, and reserve umpire Allan Haggo.
Timor Shah, the son and successor of Ahmad Shah Durrani, the founder of modern Afghanistan, moved the country's capital from Kandahar to Kabul in 1776.
In 1747, following the decline or collapse of those regional empires, Afghanistan reverted to a feudal structure under the military prowess of Ahmad Shah Durrani.