Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad

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Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad

(ä`məd ĭb`ən hăn`băl), 780–855, Muslim jurist and theologian. His disciples founded the fourth of the four major Sunni schools of jurisprudence, the Hanbali. Ibn Hanbal's conception of law was principally influenced by hadithhadith
, a tradition or the collection of the traditions of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, including his sayings and deeds, and his tacit approval of what was said or done in his presence.
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 which led him to reject the officially sanctioned theology that promoted the dogma of the creation of the Qur'an. He held the view, for which he was imprisoned, that the Qur'an was uncreated and largely abstained from teaching until the revival of Sunnism in 847. While the official recognition of the importance of his work was late in coming, Ibn Hanbal enjoyed wide popular support and was known as the imamimam
[Arab.,=leader], in Islam, a recognized leader or a religious teacher. Among the Sunni the term refers to the leader in the Friday prayer at the mosque; any pious Muslim may function as imam.
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 of Baghdad. Among his most important works are the Musnad, a major collection of hadith traditions, and the Kitab as-Sunna, in which he laid out his dogmatic position. He advocated a literal interpretation of the Revealed Text, rejecting allegorizing exegesis and anthropomorphism. Belief in God, according to Ibn Hanbal, should leave to God the understanding of the Divine mystery. A derivative of his axiomatic acceptance of the Qur'an as the uncreated Word of God was to stress the dominance of the Qur'an and Sunna. He even objected to the codifying of his thought, for fear of infringing on the authority of these two sources. His political views targeted the dissenting groups within Islam, the Shiites and Kharijis. His thought, as transmitted by Ibn TaymiyyaIbn Taymiyya, Taqiyy ad-Din Ahmad
, 1263–1328, Muslim theologian and jurist. He lived in Damascus after the collapse of the central caliphate to the Mongol invasion from the East, and during the continuous threat of Christendom from the North and West.
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, has inspired many political-religious movements including Wahhabiyya (see WahhabiWahhabi
or Wahabi
, reform movement in Islam, originating in Arabia; adherents of the movement usually refer to themselves as Muwahhidun [unitarians]. It was founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahab (c.
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) and Salafiyya.
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It was not approved of by any of the Imams of the Muslims, not Malik, not ath-Thawri, not Al-Layth ibn Sa'ad, not Abu Hanifah, not Al-Awza'i, not Al-Shafi'i, not Ahmad ibn Hanbal, not Ishaq ibn Rahwayh, not any of the Imams and scholars of the Muslims.
Ibn al-Jawzi, Virtues of the Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal * Edited and Translated by Michael Cooperson * Two Volumes * Library of Arabic Literature * New York University Press, 2013 * HB * Volume 1 ISBN 978-0-8147-7166-2 (cl: alk.
Bodleian Pococke MS 26 includes sections on Umayyad caliphs and the house of Marwan, the virtues of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, female architectural patronage in Damascus, a Damascene madrasa, the Grotto of Blood on Mt.
Although Abu aACAyAbdullah Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Al Shaybani became both a true shaikh of Islam and a master of hadith, his fame endured because of his tireless efforts to create the conservative Hanbali school of thought.
They are: Qatar University, Community College in Qatar, College of the North Atlantic in Qatar, Calgary University, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, University College London in Qatar, Islamic Studies College in Qatar, Carnegie Mellon University, Virginia Commonwealth University, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Texas A & M University Qatar, Georgetown University, Northwestern University, HEC Paris in Qatar, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Military College, Police College, Joaan Bin Jassim Joint Command and Staff College, Mohamed Bin Abdullah Al Attiyah Air College, Qatar Aeronautical College, Ras Laffan emergency and safety College, as well as Stenden University Qatar.
The tables will be located in Al Khor, Dhakhira, Simaisma, Kharttiyat, Al Gharafa, Al Rayyan, Freij Abdul Aziz, Ahmad ibn Hanbal School in Najma, Yarmouk School in Bin Omran, Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib School in Bin Mahmoud, Eid prayer area at the Ali Bin Ali Mosque in the Airport, Siliyah, Rayyan, Shahhaniya, Wakrah, Al Meera Society in Mansoura, Jamilia, and Umm Salal;
And Ahmad ibn Hanbal sees the combination as a comment thief's hand cut in the neck after an end.
Tables will be located at Al Khor Industrial Area, Abdullah bin Ali al-Misnad secondary school at Al Khor, Farij Abdulaziz School, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal School in Najma, Al-Yarmouk School in Bin Omran, the Arabic Club in New Salata Al-Asiri, Al-Syliyah, Al Rayan, Shahaniyaha and Wakra.
The famous Islamic scholar Ahmad Ibn Hanbal in his book Ula An-Nuha states: "The ruler of the Muslim community is bound to protect the non-Muslims and to save them from aggression.
Although he followed the footsteps of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, the last founder of the four main schools of thought, Ibn Taimiyah had enough independence of mind and vision to draw upon other schools and scholars to arrive at his own opinion on a given matter.
Muhammad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (164-241/780-855) raises to new heights the already exceptional bar of quality set by Thesaurus Islamicus Foundation's previously published set of primary hadith texts.