Ahvaz


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Ahvaz

or

Ahwaz

(both: äwäz`), city (1991 pop. 724,653), SW Iran, on the Karun River. It is an oil center, a transportation hub, and an industrial city that has petrochemical, textile, and food-processing industries. An ancient city, Ahvaz was rebuilt (3d cent. A.D.) by Ardashir I, who named it Hormuzd-Ardashir. In the 4th cent. Ahvaz became the seat of a bishopric, and a large church was built there. It was an important Arab trading center in the 12th and 13th cent. but later declined. The discovery of oil nearby in the early 20th cent. restored the city to its former importance. The new part of Ahvaz, the administrative and industrial center, is on the right bank of the Karun, but the population still is concentrated in the old section on the left bank. Ahvaz is linked by road, rail, and oil pipeline to ports on the Persian Gulf.

Ahwaz

, Ahvaz
a town in SW Iran, on the Karun River. Pop.: 967 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The demonstrations and social gatherings covered provinces of Khorasan, Lorestan, Hormozgan, Ahvaz, Persia, Kurdistan and the Caspian
Authorities distributed in February tens of thousands of surgical masks and more than 26,000 gallons of milk in Ahvaz, a city of more than 1 million, when it was hit by a severe sand storm that forced the closure of schools and offices, the cancellation of flights, and prompted scattered protests.
University of Chamran Ahvaz, Khuzestan Province, Department of Roads and Urban Development, 81.
Author thankfully acknowledge the financial support provided by Islamic Azad University Ahvaz Branch.
Besides Ahvaz and Riyadh, other cities mentioned in the WHO's list included Ulan Bator in Malaysia, Lahore in Pakistan, New Delhi in India and Cairo in Egypt.
At present, nearly 50,000 barrels of oil produced from South Azadegan field is delivered to Ahvaz production unit for processing through pipeline," he said.
In the last INTV fundraising event that ended on 30 January, 2013, in addition to Iranians abroad, thousands of Iranians inside the country risked their security to take part, with funding being donated form those in Tehran, Kermanshah, Gilan Gharb, Sarpol Zahab, Islam Abad, Sanandaj (western Iran); Tabriz, Urumieh and other cities of Azerbaijan (in the northwest); Mashhad and Bojhnourd (northeast); Zahedan (southeastern Iran); Shirz and Bushehr (in southern Iran); Ahvaz and other cities in Khuzestan (southwestern Iran); along with Karaj, Borujerd, Isfahat, Shahin Shahr and Semnan in the country's central areas.
All animals were obtained from the Animal House of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (Ahvaz, Iran).
In a study in Ahvaz evaluating secondary level students' oral & tooth health care, it has been revealed that the study age group mouth health condition is very low.
Already in September 2011, the World Health Organisation (WHO) had warned that the south-western city of Ahvaz had become the world's most polluted city.
At a time when President Muhammad Morsi was receiving Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi, the assistant of the Egyptian president, Imad Abdul Ghafour, was inaugurating at the heart of Cairo and a few meters away from these talks a conference for the support of the Arab Ahvaz population, which is the first of its kind to be held in an Arab country.
Ahvaz lies near Iran's border with Iraq in the southwest of Iran, an important area for the country's oil industry.