Ai Weiwei


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Ai Weiwei

(ī` wāwā), 1957–, Chinese artist, architect, filmmaker, and political activist. He is the son of poet Ai Ch'ingAi Ch'ing
or Ai Qing
, pseud. of Chiang Hai-ch'eng
or Jiang Haicheng,
1910–96, Chinese poet. After studying painting in France (1929–32), where he discovered realist literature and was particularly influenced by the Belgian poet
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, who was internally exiled (1958–76) to work camps with his family. Ai subsequently studied at the Beijing Film Institute, began to make avant-garde art, and became politically active. From 1981 to 1993 he lived in New York City and studied at the Parsons Inst. of Design. In the mid-1990s he and two other artists published an influential trilogy of books on avant-garde Chinese artists. Ai began to attract international attention with such works as the photo tryptich Dropping a Han Dynasty Urn (1995) and his reassembled Ming and Ch'ing artifacts, which embody his recurring themes of destruction and recreation. He opened an art atelier and architectural practice and helped design the Beijing Olympics "Bird's Nest" stadium (2008), but soon disassociated himself from the games. His best-known works include the backpacks and text installations (2009) commemorating the children who died in poorly built schools in the 2008 Sichuan earthquake and the Tate Modern's installation (2010) of millions of porcelain sunflower seeds.

Ai began writing a blog in 2005, which by 2008 had become a venue for political satire and dissidence. In 2009 a severe police beating required emergency surgery; the next year he was placed under house arrest. In 2011 the government razed his Shanghai studio and he was arrested, ostensibly for tax evasion, detained secretly and interrogated for 81 days, then had his travel restricted; he was not permitted to travel abroad until 2015. His design firm was also fined $2.4 million for tax evasion. In 2012 the government revoked his business license, forcing his architectural firm to close. Ai created six half-scale fiberglass dioramas depicting his detention; smuggled out of China, they were exhibited in Venice in 2013. A multimedia exhibition made for AlcatrazAlcatraz
[Sp. Álcatraces=pelicans], rocky island in San Francisco Bay, W Calif, about one mile (1.61 km) north of San Francisco. Alcatraz was first sighted by the Spanish in 1772 (and possibly three years earlier).
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 (2014–15) focused on human rights and on prisoners of conscience and featured large portraits of prisoners made with small plastic bricks. He subsequently created several works and performances in Greece, Germany, and Denmark to protest Europe's treatment of Syrian refugees.

Bibliography

See L. Ambrozy, ed., Ai Weiwei's Blog: Writings, Interviews, and Digital Rants, 2006–2009 (2011) and L. Warsh, ed., Weiwei-isms (2012); study by K. Smith et al. (2009); B. Martin, Hanging Man: The Arrest of Ai Weiwei (2013); A. Klayman, dir. Ai Weiwei: Never Sorry (documentary, 2012).

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A report by Chinese police said a company controlled by Ai Weiwei, one of China's best-recognized contemporary artists, has evaded a big amount of tax payment which indicated the first economic crime after his arrest and has triggered an international outcry.
Liverpool's second spider - which is suspended in the air in Exchange Flags - was designed by Beijing Olympics' Bird's Nest stadium co-designer Ai Weiwei but was constructed by Arup.
Washington, July 28 ( ANI ): Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei has said that he is going to continue his revolt against Chinese Government officials and expose the authoritarian regime.
Hu s release came after outspoken artist Ai Weiwei returned to his Beijing home last week from nearly three months in police custody amid a government crackdown on dissent.
lt;strong>Famous artist Anish Kapoor has dedicated his most recent work of art - also his largest piece yet - 'Leviathan' to Ai Weiwei, a Chinese artists who has been detained by Beijing police authority for crimes which have not been specified.
London, June 23 ( ANI ): Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei has expressed his disappointment over his foreign travel ban as Chinese authorities continue to curtail his freedom despite his bail having ended.
Chinese: Chinese artist Ai Weiwei on Saturday confirmed a fourth associate of his had been released from detention, just days after the activist himself was unexpectedly freed on bail.
Beijing, April 17 ( ANI ): Dissent artist Ai Weiwei has warned Beijing that its efforts to suppress citizens by controlling access to online content is doomed to fail.
China has detained at least 54 dissidents, activists and others in the ongoing crackdown on dissent, highlighted by the recent detention of famed artist Ai Weiwei, the Chinese Human Rights Defenders said Friday.
The spiderweb has been created by Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, most recently celebrated for designing the Birds Nest Stadium, the focal point of the recent Beijing Olympics.
Beijing, Apr 14 ( ANI ): Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei is reportedly suing the Beijing tax authorities for violating the law by imposing a 2.
Zhu is the fifth person to be formally arrested since the crackdown began, while nearly 40 other activists have been criminally detained and at least 18 including artist Ai Weiwei have "disappeared" into police custody, CHRD said.