hangar

(redirected from Airplane hangar)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

hangar

a large workshop or building for storing and maintaining aircraft

Hangar

 

an installation for the storage, maintenance, and repair of airplanes and helicopters. In prerevolutionary Russia wooden hangars of simple design about 25 m wide were built. One of the first steel hangars (20.8 m wide) was built in Königsberg in 1913. In the USSR standard metal hangars 36–45 m wide were built at permanent airports in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s.

Modern hangars vary a great deal in planning and design. The type of hangar used depends on the type and number of aircraft to be serviced and on the nature of the maintenance equipment. The most common hangars have a rectangular profile and are of arch or frame construction; they often are more than 100 m wide. Depending on their function, the following types of hangars are distinguished: storage hangars, in which the main building is used for the parking, maintenance, and preventive inspection of aircraft and for the storage of detachable units and spare parts; and shop hangars, for the repair of airplanes, helicopters, and aircraft engines. Shop hangars include several production and everyday administrative premises, which are usually housed in annexes to the main building. Hangars are also subdivided according to the type of construction: stationary (permanent structure), which are built at permanent and military base airports and helicopter stations, with supporting structural elements of metal or reinforced concrete; temporary, designed for short-term service, usually of wood; and collapsible, with structural elements of steel or light alloys designed for field airports. An efficient design for the latter type of hangar is the pneumatic framework design, which consists of a supporting framework (for instance, made up of tubular metal arches) and an outer covering of canvas or synthetic coating.

Hangars have hoisting and transportation devices (such as carts and mobile cranes), means of communications and signaling, automatic fire extinguishers, and so on. Stationary hangars have movable and nonmovable platforms and gangways to make the maintenance and repair of the aircraft more convenient: electric power, compressed air, and oxygen is conveyed to them. The gates of the hangar are usually made of separate panels that automatically open horizontally or vertically. Accordion-type gates are also used. The platform in front of the hangar is linked up with the runway of the airport. The design and space arrangement of modern hangars often reaches a high architectural and artistic expressiveness, such as the hangars built by P. L. Nervi in Italy in the 1930’s, 1940’s, and 1950’s.

F. IA. ZAITSEV and D. A. MOGILEVSKII

hangar

[′haŋ·ər]
(civil engineering)
A building at an airport specially designed in height and width to enable aircraft to be stored or maintained in it.

hangar

A shed or shelter, particularly a structure for the shelter, service, and repair of aircraft.

hangar

Any suitable shelter or building for housing aircraft. Hangars also may be used for the service and maintenance of aircraft.
References in periodicals archive ?
The warehouse was located in a remodeled airplane hangar on Morena Boulevard in San Diego.
The giraffe exhibit will feature the worlds first "disappearing walls", fashioned after airplane hangar doors that open onto a vista of giraffes, zebras and ostriches in their outdoor habitat.
In late 1998, an East-Coast-based distributor operating from an airplane hangar was looking for a solution to improve its shipping, receiving and repair operations.
operating from an airplane hangar, was looking for a way to improve its shipping, receiving, and repair operations.
The show is presented in an abandoned airplane hangar on an Air Force base, and though most audience members enjoy it, a few complain about the frigid temperatures at the site.
One day, however, Maldoror finds himself creatively occluded, unable to produce a single note, his imagination empty as a vacant airplane hangar in the Mojave desert.
Nick (Joshua Morrow) followed Chloe (Elizabeth Hendrickson) to an airplane hangar after the tracking device he put on her car showed her driving away from her wedding.
Lester Bower Jr was convicted of the October 1983 fatal shootings at an airplane hangar on a ranch north of Dallas.
I was very, very surprised," says Talen, who lives with his wife, Marian, in the second-floor apartment that was crafted inside the airplane hangar he bought in 1981 for $2,000 at the old Springfield airport.
705 had been heavily damaged by arson in the summer of 1998, then was retired to an old airplane hangar at Worcester Regional Airport.
That is an old oil pot that was used to keep the frost off the fruit trees - we had it outside the airplane hangar that we lived in.
In 1999, Dunham and his family opened the winery in a converted World War II airplane hangar at Walla WallaOs Regional Airport.