Aix-en-Provence


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Aix-en-Provence

(ĕk-säN-prôväNs`), city (1990 pop. 126,854), Bouches-du-Rhône dept., in Provence, SE France. It is a commercial center in an area producing olives, grapes, and almonds. Its manufactures include food products, wine-making equipment, and electronics and software. Founded (123 B.C.) by the Romans near the site of mineral springs, it has long been a popular spa. There, in 102 B.C., MariusMarius, Caius
, c.157 B.C.–86 B.C., Roman general. A plebeian, he became tribune (119 B.C.) and praetor (115 B.C.) and was seven times consul. He served under Scipio Africanus Minor at Numantia and under Quintus Metellus against Jugurtha.
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 defeated the Teutons. It became an archiepiscopal see in the 5th cent. It has been the capital of ProvenceProvence
, region and former province, SE France. It now encompasses Var, Vaucluse, and Bouches-du-Rhône depts. and (in part) Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Alpes-Maritimes depts.
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 since the 12th cent. (except when replaced by ArlesArles
, city (1990 pop. 52,543), Bouches-du-Rhône dept., S central France, in Provence, on the Rhône River delta. Arles is an important railroad, shipping, agriculture, and industrial center with varied manufactures.
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), and passed with Provence to the crown in 1487, becoming the seat of a provincial parlementparlement
, in French history, the chief judicial body under the ancien régime. The parlement consisted of a number of separate chambers: the central pleading chamber, called the Grand-Chambre; the Chambre des Requêtes
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. A music center since the 11th cent. and a focus of Provençal literatureProvençal literature,
vernacular literature of S France. Provençal, or Occitan, as the language is now often called, appears to have been the first vernacular tongue used in French commerce and literature.
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, Aix has a university (founded 1409; now combined with one at Marseilles). A notable structure is the Cathedral of Saint-Sauveur (13th–14th cent.). A picturesque town, Aix has become a favorite sojourn for painters. An opera festival is held each summer. Cézanne was born in Aix and lived and painted there.

Aix-en-Provence

 

(also Aix), a city in southeastern France, in Bouches-du-Rhóne Department. The ancient capital of Provence. Population, 111,000 (1975). Aix-en-Provence is a transportation junction. It has enterprises for the production of wine-making equipment, electrical machinery, matches, hats, carpets, and food products. Part of the University of Aix-Marseille is located there. The city is a balneological health resort.

Aix-en-Provence was founded in the second century B.C. In ancient times it was called Aquae Sextiae. Architectural monuments include the ruins of Roman buildings, the Romanesque Cathedral of St. Sauveur (constructed mainly in the 12th and 13th centuries), the Gothic church of St. Jean de Malte (c. 1285), and numerous palaces and fountains of the 17th and 18th centuries, mostly in the Italian baroque style. The museums of the city include the Granet Museum, which primarily houses works of the old French school, and the Museum of Tapestries and Old Furniture. P. Cézanne’s studio is open as a museum in the city.

Aix-en-Provence

a city and spa in SE France: the medieval capital of Provence. Pop.: 134 222 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
The southernmost of the three new stations is at Aix-en-Provence, lying to the south-west of the town halfway between Aix and Marseilles and within striking distance of Marseilles airport.
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8, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- American Apparel (NYSE MKT: APP), the vertically integrated clothing manufacturer based in downtown Los Angeles, has announced the relocation of its Aix-en-Provence store.
For art aficionados, "Cezanne and the Artists of the French Riviera and Provence" commemorates the 100th anniversary of the great artist's death with a visit to a special exhibition in his hometown of Aix-en-Provence and a painting class.
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April 11 /PRNewswire/ -- Atmel Corporation (Nasdaq: ATML) is pleased to announced that they have selected the region of Aix-en-Provence (South of France) as its first overseas wafer fabrication facility.
From the beautiful beach resorts of the Riviera including Cannes, Saint Tropez and Nice to the enchanting landscapes and light of Provence including Aix-en-Provence, Avignon and Les Beaux, this guided tour will give you a taste of the very best this magical region has to offer.
The CFA of the Aix, located castle clock in Aix-en-Provence, currently hosts 950 apprentices from CAP to Bac professional in the areas of service, taste and automotive.
Choosing Aix-en-Provence for our European Headquarters fits perfectly with Elmic's global strategy of being located within the high-tech centers worldwide.
Contract notice: clearing pole krypton in aix-en-provence.
Welcome Real-time is headquartered in Aix-en-Provence, France, with offices in Philadelphia and Singapore.