Ajax


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Ajax

(ā`jăks), Gr. Aias, in Greek mythology. 1 Hero of the Trojan War, son of TelamonTelamon
, in Greek mythology, son of Aeacus and father of Ajax. He and Peleus killed their half-brother Phocus and were banished from Aegina. Telamon fled to Salamis, where he became king.
..... Click the link for more information.
, thus called the Telamonian Ajax, also called Ajax the Greater. In the Iliad he is represented as a gigantic man, slow of thought and speech, but quick in battle and always showing courage. He led the troops of Salamis against Troy and was one of the foremost Greek warriors, fighting both HectorHector,
in Greek mythology, leader and greatest hero of the Trojan troops during the Trojan War. He was the eldest son of Priam and Hecuba, the husband of Andromache, and the father by her of Astyanax.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and OdysseusOdysseus
, Lat. Ulysses , in Greek mythology, son and successor of King Laertes of Ithaca. A leader of Greek forces during the Trojan War, Odysseus was noted (as in the Iliad) for his cunning strategy and his wise counsel.
..... Click the link for more information.
 to draws. He and Odysseus rescued the corpse of AchillesAchilles
, in Greek mythology, foremost Greek hero of the Trojan War, son of Peleus and Thetis. He was a formidable warrior, possessing fierce and uncontrollable anger. Thetis, knowing that Achilles was fated to die at Troy, disguised him as a girl and hid him among the women at
..... Click the link for more information.
 from the Trojans, but when the armor of Achilles was awarded to Odysseus, the disappointment of Ajax was so great that he went mad and committed suicide. The Ajax of Sophocles deals with the madness and death of the great warrior. Ajax had hero cults at Salamis, Attica, and Troad. 2 Leader of the forces from Locris in the Trojan War, called the Locrian Ajax, Ajax of Oileus (after his father, Oileus), or Ajax the Lesser, because he was not the equal of the Telamonian Ajax. In the sack of Troy he violated CassandraCassandra
, in Greek legend, Trojan princess, daughter of Priam and Hecuba. She was given the power of prophecy by Apollo, but because she would not accept him as a lover, he changed her blessing to a curse, causing her prophecies never to be believed.
..... Click the link for more information.
 at the altar of AthenaAthena
, or Pallas Athena
, in Greek religion and mythology, one of the most important Olympian deities. According to myth, after Zeus seduced Metis he learned that any son she bore would overthrow him, so he swallowed her alive.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and Athena caused him to be shipwrecked on the way home. PoseidonPoseidon
, in Greek religion and mythology, god of the sea, protector of all waters. After the fall of the Titans, Poseidon was allotted the sea. He was worshiped especially in connection with navigation; but as the god of fresh waters he also was worshiped as a fertility god.
..... Click the link for more information.
 saved him, but Ajax, boasting of his own power, defied the lightning to strike him down and was instantly struck by it. Other versions of the story say that he stole the PalladiumPalladium
, in Greek religion, sacred image kept in the temple of Athena at Troy. It was either an image of Athena or an image made by Athena of her unfortunate playmate Pallas (see Pallas (1)).
..... Click the link for more information.
 and that later Poseidon destroyed him for blasphemy.

Ajax (the greater)

archetypal Miles Gloriosus. [Br. Lit.: Troilus and Cressida]

Ajax

(the lesser) boastful and insolent; drowns due to vanity. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 14]
See: Conceit

Ajax (the Greater)

kills himself in rage over loss of Achilles’ armor. [Rom. Lit.: Aeneid]
See: Suicide

Ajax

(programming)
(Asynchronous JavaScript And XML) A collection of techniques for creating interactive web applications without having to reload the complete web page in response to each user input, thus making the interaction faster. AJAX typically uses the XMLHttpRequest browser object to exchange data asynchronously with the web server. Alternatively, an IFrame object or dynamically added <script> tags may be used instead of XMLHttpRequest.

Despite the name, Ajax can combine any browser scripting language (not just JavaScript) and any data representation (not just XML). Alternative data formats include HTML, plain text or JSON.

Several Ajax frameworks are now available to simplify Ajax development.

AJAX

(Asynchronous JAvaScript and XML) Using an enhancement in JavaScript that allows Web pages to be more interactive and behave like local applications, which are also known as "rich client" applications. AJAX allows the Web page to retrieve small amounts of data from the server without reloading the entire page.

Prior to AJAX, any retrieval of data from the server required that the entire Web page be refreshed in the user's computer. As a result, systems were often designed with less interaction; for example, to have the user submit a form only at the end, after all fields were filled in. In contrast, AJAX systems can validate one or two items at a time "behind the scenes" without making the session cumbersome, especially over slow connections. AJAX, also known as "remote scripting," allows Web-based applications to be designed like LAN-based applications.

The XMLHTTPRequest Object
The JavaScript function that makes AJAX possible is the XMLHTTPRequest object, which was added to the JavaScript runtime module in the Web browser. It was first available in IE 5, Mozilla 1.0, Safari 1.2 and Opera 8. The XMLHTTPRequest object returns the data formatted in a DOM document.

Web Workers
Subsequent to AJAX, Web Workers is another method for making Web-based applications function like locally installed applications. For more details, see Web Workers. See AJAX engine, AJAX framework, ARAX, rich client, JavaScript and DOM.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chin said: "Like Celtic, Ajax would have been a very nice club for Virgil to continue his development.
Comet Cleaners Franchise Group didn't own the locations, but it brokered the deal for Ajax to acquire the stores in 2012.
In 2009, Ajax hooligans were imprisoned after raiding a Feyenoord pub in the heart of Rotterdam and firing guns.
He said: "The only game we have on our minds is that of Ajax.
The win kept Ajax on course for the first of three consecutive European Cup triumphs.
Helping small businesses succeed has always been our top priority here at Ajax Union.
However, it seems as though Norwich could well land the 24 year old after his agent confirmed that Ajax had been contacted by representatives of the Premier League club.
With a strategy of engaging the community with a strong local presence, KGHMI has expanded the Ajax project team which currently numbers 23 employees, and plans to hire additional personnel throughout the year.
The City boss hopes a victory over Dutch champions Ajax at the Etihad on Tuesday will trigger the start of an amazing comeback.
Ajax is yet another example of a processor that no longer considers itself just a parts maker.
8220;Our Ribbon Referral Program is a great way for our clients to partner with Ajax Union to generate more business.