Akhalkalaki


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Akhalkalaki

 

a city and center of Akhalkalaki Raion, Georgian SSR. Located on the Akhalkalaki-Tskali River (tributary of the Kura), 74 km southeast of the Akhaltsikhe railroad station; a junction of highways to Leninakan, Borzhomi, and Akhaltsikhe. Population in 1969, 9,500. The city has a creamery, a sawmill, a brewery, and lemonade and starch factories. There is an agricultural technicum. In the region there are many architectural monuments, including the Kumurdo cathedral. Akhalkalaki was founded in 1064; it was completely destroyed in the 15th century and reconstructed in the 17th century. In the 18th century Akhalkalaki was transformed into a fortress. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12 it was taken by Russian troops; according to the terms of the Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812, it was returned to Turkey. Akhalkalaki was annexed permanently to Russia in 1829.

References in periodicals archive ?
A depot is under construction in Akhalkalaki for the transition of trains from the existing tracks in Georgia to the European ones.
The parties have said they will organize container shipments along the China-Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey route in 2015, utilizing the new rail line Zhezkazgan-Beineu in Kazakhstan, the Aktau sea port (Kazakhstan), and the Akhalkalaki (Georgia)-Kars (Turkey) rail line which is being built now.
While three of Russia's four major bases in Georgia have been closed, or are nearly closed two under a 2005 agreement dealing with Akhalkalaki and Batumi a small number of Russian personnel and supplies remain at the Gudauta base, in the separatist Abkhazia region of Georgia.
In May 2005, Georgia and Russia reached an agreement whereby Russia would complete its withdrawal from its bases at Batumi and Akhalkalaki by the end of 2008.
Russia is shutting down two Georgian bases, in Batumi and Akhalkalaki by 2008, and is ahead of schedule in this endeavor.
Russia--which has troops stationed in Batumi, the Adjar capital, and Akhalkalaki in the ethnic Armenian Javakhetia, plus 'peacekeeping' units already in Abkhazia--could likewise act as a guarantor of Georgia's federalism.
For example, the Georgian-Armenians who compose an ethnic majority in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region bordering Armenia have been somewhat supported by a foreign protector, the Russians, who presently maintain a military base in the Javakheti regional center of Akhalkalaki.
There are four bases in Georgia which the Russians are loath to part with: Akhalkalaki on the southern border with Turkey, Batumi on the Black Sea, Gudauta (Abkhazia), and Vaziani near the capital, Tbilisi.
On December 26, the pilot wagon was unveiled at the Akhalkalaki Karstakhi section (at the Turkish border) of the railway, the Azerbaijan s Ministry of Transport declared.
It is planned to build a post in Akhalkalaki for the transition of trains from the existing tracks in Georgia to the European ones.
It is also planned to build a station in Akhalkalaki for transition of trains from rail tracks in Georgia to the European ones.
It is projected to construct a centre in Akhalkalaki for the transition of trains from existing Georgian tracks to European ones.