Accadian

(redirected from Akkadian language)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Akkadian language: Aramaic language

Accadian

 

(from the city of Accad), the oldest of the known Semitic languages.

Accadian had two dialects, the Babylonian and the Assyrian, for which reason it is often called Babylono-Assyrian (or Assyro-Babylonian). In Accadian, as in other Semitic languages, the root of a word consists only of consonants, mostly three, and the vowels and some added non-root consonants indicate the grammatical relations and determine the meaning of the root. Its writing is based on the ideographic syllabic cuneiform script, borrowed from Sumerian, with its characteristic polyphony of characters, of which there are more than 500. The year 1857 is regarded as the date that the cuneiform script was finally deciphered.

REFERENCES

Lipin, L. A. Akkadskii iazyk, vols. 1–2. [Leningrad,] 1957.
Soden, W. von. Grundriss der akkadischen Grammatik. Rome, 1952.
Bezold, C. Babylonisch-Assyrisches Glossar. Heidelberg, 1926.
The Assyrian Dictionary, vols. 2–6. Chicago, 1956–60.
Gelb, I. J. Old Akkadian Writing and Grammar. Chicago, 1952.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the Sumerians themselves were not--could not be--actually forgotten, the cuneiform writing system "they" invented, "their" language, and the Akkadian language that used that same writing system were indeed forgotten.
Finally, it represents an important linguistic tool for reconstructing the history of the Akkadian language.
With regard to the ostensible use of the Akkadian language, written in cuneiform, outside of Mesopotamia, in many instances the evidence offers reason to jettison the assumption that writing is a face-value representation of language, and to consider alternative possibilities.
Did they--as is commonly assumed--necessarily learn the Akkadian language in the process of learning to write in cuneiform?
Arnaud, "Le vocabulaire de l'heritage dans les textes syriens du moyen-Euphrate a la fin de l'age du Bronze Recent," in The Lexicography of the Ancient Near Eastern Languages = Studi epigrafici e linguistici 12 (1995): 21-26 at 22-23; Ikeda, "The Akkadian Language of Emar: Texts Related to a Diviner's Family," 43.
Since there can be little doubt that the ongoing investigation of the Akkadian language will continue to unearth lexical items of this structure, we cannot treat this list as comprehensive.
Civil provides new information on the often-debated terms maru and hamtu that were used in the Akkadian language to describe the two stems of the Sumerian verb.
of Chicago Press, 1961], 32-34) but as /z/ in loans that entered the Akkadian language in Old Babylonian and later periods.
xi) also sees a pedagogical purpose for his Grammar, it is clear that the prime audience for his work is the advanced student or scholar interested in a new approach to, but not a new teaching tool for, the Akkadian language.
The book's general introduction offers the uninitiated an introduction to the Akkadian language, but the terminology used - that of vernacular languages versus literary languages - seems inappropriate and misleading in relation to Akkadian.
This follows Gelb's definition of the chronology of the Old Akkadian language: from the earliest texts in Akkadian language of pre-Sargonic times down to the end of the Ur III period.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The American academic society who refuses to return the Persian Achaemenid tablets to Iran after decades has now reached out to an Iranian expert and translator of Elamite and Akkadian languages to translate the tablets into Persian and English.