Aktöbe (both: əktö`bĕ), formerly
Aktyubinsk (əktyo͞o`bĭnsk), city (1993 est. pop. 264,000), NW Kazakhstan, on the Ilek River and the Kazalinsk RR. Aqtöbe has an important ferroalloy plant and chromium complex based on nearby ore deposits; other industries include agricultural machinery, processed foods, alcoholic beverages, and chemicals. Founded in 1869, the city grew rapidly with the expansion of metallurgical industries during World War II.