Al Kufah(äl ko͞o`fä), town, S central Iraq. Founded (638) by Caliph Umar I, it was one of the two Muslim centers (the other was BasraBasra
, Arabic al Basrah, city (1987 pop. 406,296), SE Iraq, on the Shatt al Arab. Basra is Iraq's second largest city and principal port. Its commercially advantageous location, near oil fields and 75 mi (121 km) from the Persian Gulf, has made it prosperous, and oil is
..... Click the link for more information. ) of the early Ummayad caliphs.